Church in Vietnam
  • Capital:
  • Hanoi
  • Population:
  • 90 million
  • Catholic:
  • 6 million (6.6 %)
  • Diocese:
  • 3 archdioceses, 23 dioceses
  • Major religion:
  • Buddhism 85% (7.9% practicing Buddhists)
Christianity was introduced in Vietnam in the 16th century by European missioners. However, mission activities gained strength only with the arrival of French Jesuit Father Alexandre de Rhodes in 1620s. Franciscans and Dominicans followed the Jesuits in the same decade.

Missioners including Father Rhodes created alphabets for Vietnamese language from Latin script and in 1651 they printed some Catholic text and a dictionary first time in Vietnamese.
French missioners played a key role in Vietnamese history towards the end of the 18th century, when some of them politically helped Nguyan çnh to conquer Vietnam and declare himself Emperor Gia Long in 1802. Nguyan çnh tolerated the Catholic faith of his French friends and allowed unhindered mission activities. But that situation changed to an era of persecution after his death in 1820.

However, the influence the French in the trade and politics of Vietnam culminated in Vietnam becoming a French colony in 1887. The colonial rule continued until Vietnam's independence in 1954.

  • Capital:
  • Hanoi
  • Population:
  • 90 million
  • Catholic:
  • 6 million (6.6 %)
  • Diocese:
  • 3 archdioceses, 23 dioceses
  • Major religion:
  • Buddhism 85% (7.9% practicing Buddhists)
Protestantism was introduced in 1911 at Da Nang by a Canadian missionary named Dr. R.A. Jaffray. Some estimates say majority Protestants are ethnic tribal people.

Rights groups say Christians, especially from hilly areas, are still seen as "enemies" targeted as "agents of America". They are reportedly arrested, tortured and starved behind bars, despite the official claims freedom of religion.

The government closely watches Christian communities and foreign missioners are legally not allowed to preach or perform any religious activities without government permission. According to 2011 estimates, Vietnam has some 87 million people, 8 percent of them Christians. According to Catholic Bishops' Conference of Vietnam in 2011 there were 6,456,947 Catholics in the country.

In 1960 Catholic hierarchy was established in Vietnam. Vietnam now has 26 dioceses, including three archdioceses.

  • Vietnam police harass Mennonite Christians Vietnam police harass Mennonite Christians Pastor Nguyen Hong Quang, has appealed to the UN and other human rights organizations to help "put an end to the violence perpetrated by the police in Binh Duong against Mennonites".
  • Catholics in Hanoi demand return of Church land Catholics in Hanoi demand return of Church land The priests, Redemptorists religious and lay faithful protested against the government decision to fill a lake present on a land that belongs to the Church as per official records.
UCAN Directory
Dioceses
UCAN Directory

An Giang Province

Ba Ria–Vung Tau province

Bac Ninh Province

Binh Dinh province

Binh Duong Province

Binh Thuan Province

Can Tho Province

Da Nang City

Dak Lak province

Dong Nai Province

Ha Noi Capital

Hai Phong Province

Hanoi Province

Hochi Minh City

Khanh Hoa Province

Kon Tum province

Lam Dong Province

Lang Son Province

Nam Dinh province

Nghe An Province

Ninh Binh province

Thai Binh province

Thanh Hoa province

Thua Thien-Hue province

  • Archdiocese

  • Hue

Tien Giang Province

Vinh Long Province