Diocese of Anyang
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Population

There is a population of 5,187,000 in Anyang.

Language

Henan dialect and Mandarin are in use in the territory.

History

In 1844, Vicariate Apostolic of Honan was erected. It was split into Vicariate Apostolic of Northern Honan and Vicariate Apostolic of Southern Honan in 1882. Bishop Stefano Scarella was the first bishop of Vicariate Apostolic of Northern Honan and the cathedral was at Fanjialing village in Hui county. In 1900, the cathedral was destroyed by boxers during the Boxer Uprising. The cathedral was moved subsequently to Tinjiajing village and Xiaozhuang village in Lin county as well as to Weihuifu city. Since the Cathedral was in Weihuifu for a longer period of time, Vicariate Apostolic of Northern Honan was renamed to Vicariate Apostolic of Weihuifu in 1924. The Vicariate Apostolic was elevated to Diocese of Weihuifu in 1946.

In 1952, the cathedral was moved again to Anyang and thus, the diocese is also called Anyang. After the Communist took rule in the 1950s, foreign missionaries were forced to leave the diocese and expelled from China. Along with the Cultural Revolution (1966-1977), religious life of local people was suspended.

By the end of 1980s, religious activities revived with the implementation of government's religious policy. Priests and nuns returned to Church from their homes and the problem of church's property was gradually resolved. The Catholic community gradually resumed a normal religious life and the number of laypeople increased. Step by step, Bishop Thomas Zhang Huaixin, the first Chinese bishop of Anyang, established a Religious women congregation and promoted priestly vocations. 

Transportation

Anyang has a convenient transportation network, it is located on Beijing-Guangzhou railway line, which connects Beijing in the north and Zhengzhou and Wuhan in the south. Trains which depart from Beijing to larger cities of Luoyang, Xian, Chengdu, Kunming, Zhengzhou, Wuhan and Changsha stop over in Anyang. The 107 National Highway, Beijing-Shenzhen Express Highway and Anyang-Daqing Highway runs through the city. Long-distance buses reach Beijing, Tianjin, Luoyang, Taiyuan, Jinan, etc. Via the expressway, the provincial capital city of Zhengzhou can be reached within 3 hours.

Climate

Situated in the warm northern temperate zone, Anyang enjoys a continental monsoon climate. Its annual average temperature falls around 14.1 degree Celsius, and rainfall is mainly concentrated in July and August.

Economy

Anyang's principal outputs include cotton and processed food. It is also rich in mineral resources. More than 30 kinds of minerals have been, verified, among which Iron, sand of quartzite, Kaolin Bauxite-vanadium, Nephiline, Dolomite, coal and limestone a/re famous for the good quality, big reserves, and are easy to mine.

It also has a great variety of local specialties, such as millet, sesame oil and Damin apricot, Da Hongpao tea leave, Chinese prickly ash of Duli Village, dried persimmon in western mountainous area, old vinegar of Jintai and longyan sweet tea as well as various kinds of edible mushrooms.

Topography

Anyang is the northernmost city in Henan province. It is located in the area where provinces of Henan, Shanxi and Hebei meet.

Education

There are several higher educational institutes in Anyang, including the Anyang University, Anyang Institute of Technology and Anyang Normal University

Culture

Anyang was one of the eight ancient capitals of China. It was the capital of the Bronze Age Shang Dynasty in northern Henan province, China, between 1554 and 1045 BC. Excavations at this site have recovered extensive architectural foundations, tombs, chariots, thousands of bronze vessels, almost uncountable ceramics, and about 150,000 oracle bones. The oracle bones attest to a rich written language, primarily used for divination. The language used is believed to be the original of Chinese characters.

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