The diocese's land area of 28,002 square kilometers covers the districts of Cachar, Hailakandi and Kaimkanj in Assam and the entire state of Mizoram.
Aizawl and Silchar are the biggest towns in the diocese.
4,234,530 total. (The population of the whole country is 1.2 billion). Mizo, Dimacha, Kuki, Naga, Riang, Khasi, Chakma, Barman are the main ethnic groups in the diocese, which is also home to aboriginal Adivasi communities.
Mizo, English, Hindi, Khasi, Assamese, Bengali, Mara are the main languages spoken.
The Diocese of Silchar was erected in 1969 covering the districts of Cachar, Hailkandi and Karimkanj in Assam, and the entire states of Tripura and Mizoram.
The Diocese was bounded on the west and south by Bangladesh, and on the south and east by Myanmar. It began in 1952 as the Apostolic Prefecture of Haflong, entrusted to the Holy Cross Fathers of their congregation's Canadian Province. The prefecture was elevated in 1969 to become the Diocese of Silchar.
In December 1983, the Northern Cachar Hills district was detached from the Silchar and incorporated into the new Diocese of Diphu. Then, on Feb. 7, 1996, the entire state of Tripura was detached to form the new diocese of Agartala. At the same time, the see of the remaining diocesan area -- Mizoram and three Assam districts -- was transferred fom Silchar to Aizawl.
Bishop Rotluanga is the first ethnic Mizo to become a bishop.
Cities are managed by corporations. Villages and small towns are administered by panchayat and municipalities, respectively. These local bodies are elected.
The diocesan area is well connected by roads and railways. Aizawl city has an airport.
Annual; per capita income is 27, 501 rupees (about US$596 as of October 2009). Most people earn a livelihood by farming. The commonly grow ginger, rice, squash, passion fruit, oranges and bananas. They also earn money through the bamboo, timber, flower and handicraft industries. Weaving is popular craft as well as making bamboo crafts.
Government and private operators provide telecommunication facilities. The diocese is well covered by local cable TV networks.
88.80 percent literacy rate