In a land area of 12,950 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers the civil districts of Palamau, Garhwa and Latehar in Jharkhand state. There are no cities in the area..
Palamau was constituted in 1928. The district headquarter of Daltonganj has taken the name from Colonel Dalton who was the commissioner of Chotanagpur in 1861. The towns in the district, besides the headquarter of Daltonganj are: Barwadih, Chandwa, Deorikalan, Hussainabad, Latehar and Netarhat. Daltonganj is famous for its wildlife sanctuary. World's first tiger-census was done in the Palamau forests in the year 1932.
The 2,459,950 people in the diocesan area belong mainly to the ethnic groups of Munda, Oraons, Muslims and Hindus.
Languages used in the diocesan territory are Hindi, Mundari, Oraon, Sadri and other Minor Tribal languages.
The Diocese of Daltonganj was formerly part of the Ranchi Archdiocese. It was constituted as a separate diocese in 1971, and comprises the civil districts of Hazaribagh, Palamau, Garhwa, Bokaro, Chatra and Koderma. At the time of erection into a diocese, Rt. Rev. George V. Sauipn, SJ. was the First Bishop. For the better pastoral care of the faithful, on May 12, 1995 the Diocese of Hazaribagh was established with the territory taken from the Daltonganj diocese. At present the Diocese of Daltonganj comprises of the civil districts of Palamau and Garhwa.
India is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary form of Government. India follows a parliamentary form of democracy and the government is federal in structure. In Indian political system, the President is the constitutional head of the executive of the Union of India. The real executive power is with the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.
Jharkhand follows a unicameral system of government i.e. it has only one house - the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) consists of 82 members, out of whom one is nominated from Anglo Indian Community and 81 are elected members. There are 10 seats from the Diocesan territory and no Catholic member is elected to the present Jharkhand assembly from the Diocese.
Jharkhand has 14 seats in the Lok Sabha - the Lower House of Parliament. Palamau is one of the Parliamentary constituencies which fall under the Diocesan territory. Palamau constituency seat is a reserved for Scheduled Caste and is currently occupied by Shri Kameshwar Baitha, of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha.
The state is headed by a Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. However, the real executive power rests with the Chief Minister and the Cabinet. At present Sri Arjun Munda is the Chief Minister. The political party or the coalition of political parties having majority in the Legislative Assembly forms the Government. The main political parties are Jharkhand Vananchal Congress, Marxist Coordination Committee and Jharkhand Mukti Morcha.
The administrative head of the State is called Chief Secretary, under whose jurisdiction a hierarchy of officials drawn from the Indian Administrative Service/State Civil Services function. Presently, the state has 24 districts.
The judiciary is headed by a Chief Justice and Jharkhand has a separate High Court, located in Ranchi.
Roads and rail. National Highway 75 passes through Daltonganj diocese.
The annual per capita income in the diocesan territory is Rs.23 361 or USD518 (as of December 2010).
Major industries and trade are Coal mines & Bauxite
Agricultural Products: Maize, wheat and Oil seeds.
Doordarshan, Ranchi, Satellite TV and All India Radio and FM Radio.
People commonly use mobile phones, landlines are also available in towns.
Literacy rate is 51 percent in the diocesan area.
Jharkhand is a place renowned for its numerous cultural feats. Jharkhand is also known as 'Vananchal'. Jharkhand kept its unique cultural traits after its formation as a new state on Nov. 15, 2000.
The culture of Jharkhand has ebullient festivals like Sarhul, Sohrai, Karma, Christmas, Id, Holi and Dushahra. Folk music and dances are part and parcel of the tribal culture. People sing and dance in open places according to seasons and it is the tribal communities who have incorporated season's gifts in their lives. Mahua flour, millets, edible roots and tubers are the main components of the tribal meal.
All the tribal communities have their unique notions called Sarna Parasnath. Folk spirit defines the unique features of the culture of Jharkhand. Tribal cultures remain unperturbed by the trends of modernization even today.
Tribal identity is recognized through various socio-cultural characteristic like community participation in social life and decision making, egalitarian etiquette in interpersonal relationship, purity of race through kinship relationship, typical language, dress and apparel, love of fun and fancy, completer dependence on the providence of nature, community ownership of productive resources, adherence to tradition, celebrating festivals along with agricultural cycles aversion to changes in the radical socio-economic and religious spheres.