The total population in the diocesan area was 1,923,014 as of the end of 2005. Tamils form the majority ethnic group here.
Tamil and English are the languages used.
Pope John Paul II erected the new Diocese of Dindigul on Nov. 10, 2003, carving it out of the Diocese of Tiruchirapalli. Dindigul, the 17th diocese in Tamil Nadu, consists of 41 parishes. Among them 31 parishes were originally from Tiruchirapalli, six parishes were carved out of Madurai archdiocese and four new parishes have been set up in the new diocese between the years 2004-2006. There are 59 diocesan priests working in three vicariates. These are the vicariates of Dindigul, consisting of 19 parishes, Kosavapatty consisting of 10 parishes and Panjampatty consisting of 12 parishes. The geographical area of the diocese is almost co-extensive with the civil administrative area of Dindigul District in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Towns are governed by municipalities, while villages and small towns are administered by local bodies called Panchayats.
The diocesan area is well connected in terms of roads and railways. The nearest airport is in Madurai, the second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu.
The diocesan territory stretches over a land area of 6,266 square kilometers and covers the civil district of Dindigul. Dindigul and Palani are the largest towns in the diocese.
The per capita income in the diocesan territory is 18,983 rupees (US$408 as of August 2006). Agriculture, especially paddy cultivation, is done extensively. Dindigul is also famous for its locks and tanneries.
Government and private operators provide extensive telecommunication facilities in the diocesan area. The diocese enjoys local cable TV networks.
The literacy rate here is 69.35 percent.