Diocese of Dumka
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In a land area of 14,356 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers Sahibganj, Pakur, Jamtara and Deoghar (excluding Deoghar, Mohanpur and Sarawan blocks) and Rampurhat sub-divion in Birbhum District in West Bengal.

Population

There are 3,383,771people in the diocesan territory, 107,114 of them baptised Catholics. Ethnic groups are Santhals, Bengalis, Paharias, Oraons, Muslims, and Hindus.

Language

Languages used in the diocesan territory are Hindi, Bengali, Paharia, and Oraon.

Political

India is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary form of Government. India follows a parliamentary form of democracy and the government is federal in structure. In Indian political system, the President is the constitutional head of the executive of the Union of India. The real executive power is with the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. 

Jharkhand follows a unicameral system of government i.e. it has only one house - the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) consisting of 82 members, out of whom one is nominated from Anglo Indian Community and 81 are elected members. 

There are four Vidhan Sabha seats in Dumka Diocesan territorial area namely, Dumka, Jama, Jamtara, and Sarath. Out of the four Jharkhand Assembly Constituencies no Catholic member is elected from the Diocese. 
Jharkhand has 14 seats in the Lok Sabha - the Lower House of Parliament. Dumka is one of the Parliamentary Constituencies which fall under the Diocesan territory which is currently occupied by Shri Shibu Soren of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha. Not a single Catholic candidate has ever contested for Lok Sabha seats from the Diocese. 

The state is headed by a Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. However, the real executive power rests with the Chief Minister and the Cabinet. At present Sri Arjun Munda is the Chief Minister. The political party or the coalition of political parties having majority in the Legislative Assembly forms the Government. The main political parties are Jharkhand Vananchal Congress, Marxist Coordination Committee and Jharkhand Mukti Morcha. 

The administrative head of the State is called Chief Secretary, under whose jurisdiction a hierarchy of officials drawn from the Indian Administrative Service/State Civil Servic

Transportation

Road and rail are common in the diocesan territory.

Economy

The annual per capita income in the diocesan territory is Rs.23, 361 (USD515 as of February 2011).

Major Industries and trade are Jindal Steel and Power Ltd., Sericulture, and Tourism 

Agriculture and related agro-based industries is the primary means of subsistence of the inhabitants of Dumka District.

Telecommunication

The most commonly used telecommunication service is mobile phones in the diocesan territory.

Radio stations in the territory: All India Radio, Ranchi

Education

Literacy Rate in the area is: (Male) 82%, (Female) 72%. 

Culture

The vibrant tribal culture can still be seen in the lifestyle of the people here: simple, traditional and have strong community ties. Jharkhand is a place renowned for its numerous cultural feats. Jharkhand is also known as 'Vananchal'. Jharkhand kept its unique cultural traits after its formation as a new state on Nov. 15, 2000. 

The culture of Jharkhand has ebullient festivals like Sarhul, Sohrai, Karma, Christmas, Id, Holi and Dushahra. Folk music and dances are part and parcel of the tribal culture. People sing and dance in open places according to seasons and it is the tribal communities who have incorporated season's gifts in their lives. Mahua flour, millets, edible roots and tubers are the main components of the tribal meal. 

All the tribal communities have their unique notions called Sarna Parasnath. Folk spirit defines the unique features of the culture of Jharkhand. Tribal cultures remain unperturbed by the trends of modernization even today.

The tribal identity is recognized through various socio-cultural characteristic like community participation in social life and decision making, egalitarian etiquette in interpersonal relationship, purity of race through kinship relationship, typical language, dress and apparel, love of fun and fancy, completer dependence on the providence of nature, community ownership of productive resources, adherence to tradition, celebrating festivals along with agricultural cycles\ aversion to changes in the radical socio-economic and religious spheres. 

  • Festivals
    The important festivals of the state are Sohraj, Karma, Badna, Sarhul, Hal Punhya, Id, Holi, X-mas, Dussehra, etc.

  • Folk Dances
    It comprises of the Jadur, Paika, Karma, Chhou, Nachni, Agni, Santhal, Natua, Matha, Sohrai, etc. Folk Music: Faguwa, Mardana Jhumar, Janani Jhumar, Jhumta, Dohari Domkach, Akhariya Domkach, Udasi, Pawas, etc.

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