Diocese of Hazaribag
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In a land area of 21,213.6 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers the districts of Hazaribag, Chatra, Koderma and Bokaro in northeastern state of Jharkand. Cities in the area are Hazaribag and Bokaro.

Jharkhand was carved out of the southern part of Bihar on Nov. 15, 2000. The name "Jharkhand" means "The Land of Forests". Jharkhand shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 21,213.6 square kilometers The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital while Jamshedpur is the largest city of the state.

The Diocese of Hazaribagh was erected by Pope John Paul II on April 1, 1995, by bifurcating the Diocese of Daltonganj.

Population

The total population at present is 5,058,943. The ethnic groups consist of Santhals, Oraons, Mundas and Kharias. Catholics in the diocese belong to the groups of Santhals, Oraons, Mundas and Kharias; Scheduled Castes, South Indians and North Biharis. Followers of other religions are mostly Hindus (majority) and Muslims.

Language

Languages used in the diocesan territory are Santhali, Mundari, Oraon, Kharia, Nagpuria and Hindi.

Political

India is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary form of Government. India follows a parliamentary form of democracy and the government is federal in structure. In Indian political system, the President is the constitutional head of the executive of the Union of India. The real executive power is with the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.

Jharkhand follows a unicameral system of government i.e. it has only one house - the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) consisting of 82 members, out of whom one is nominated from Anglo Indian Community and 81 are elected members. Out of the six Jharkhand Assembly Constituencies no Catholic member is elected from the Diocese.

Jharkhand has 14 seats in the Lok Sabha - the Lower House of Parliament. Kodarma, Chatra and Hazaribag are three of the Parliamentary constituencies which fall under the Diocesan territory which are currently occupied by Shri Babu Lal Marandi of Jharkhand Vikas Morcha, (Prajatantrik), (JVM (P)), Shri Inder Singh Namdhari, (Independent) and Shri Yashwant Sinha of Bharatiya Janata Party. Not a single Catholic candidate has ever contested for Lok Sabha seats from the Diocese.

The state is headed by a Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. However, the real executive power rests with the Chief Minister and the Cabinet. At present Sri Arjun Munda is the Chief Minister. The political party or the coalition of political parties having majority in the Legislative Assembly forms the Government. The main political parties are Jharkhand Vananchal Congress, Marxist Coordination Committee and Jharkhand Mukti Morcha.

The administrative head of the State is called Chief Secretary, under whose jurisdiction a hierarchy of officials drawn from the Indian Administrative Service/State Civil Services function. Presently, the state has 24 districts.

The judiciary is headed by a Chief Justice and Jharkhand has a separate High Court, located in Ranchi. Jharkhand is an ancient land and a newly formed state.

Transportation

Road and rail are common in the territory.

Economy

The annual per capital income in the diocesan territory is Rs.23, 361 (as of January 2011 USD512).

The Major Industries and trade are in Heavy Engineering, Coal Mining, Mica, Steel and Tourism. Bokaro Steel Plant, Bokaro, Explosives factory at Gomia, Bokaro, First methane gas well at Parbatpur, Bokaro, Patratu Thermal Power Station, Ramgarh, Chandrapura Thermal Power Station, Bokaro, Bokaro Thermal Power Station, Tenughat Thermal/Hydro Power Station, Bokaro, Electrosteel Plant, Bokaro, and Central Coalfields Limited.

Jharkhand is a mineral rich state. The chief mineral resources of the Diocese are iron ore and coal. They form the pivot of the business and economy of Jharkhand. Besides the Tata Steel plant, the Diocesan territory has the largest steel plant in Asia- the Bokaro Steel Plant and a National Thermal Plant Corporation. Agricultural products are maize, rice, wheat and various pulses in the Diocese.

Telecommunication

The most commonly used telecommunication service is mobile phones in the diocesan territory.

TV broadcasting station: Nil

Radio stations in the territory: All India Radio, Hazaribagh and Vividh Bharati Radio in Jhumri Tilaiya, Koderma.

Education

Literacy Rate- Male: 52.49%, Female 22.9.

Culture

Jharkhand is a place renowned for its numerous cultural feats. Jharkhand is also known as 'Vananchal'. Jharkhand kept its unique cultural traits after its formation as a new state on Nov. 15, 2000.

The culture of Jharkhand has ebullient festivals like Sarhul, Sohrai, Karma, Christmas, Id, Holi and Dushahra. Folk music and dances are part and parcel of the tribal culture. People sing and dance in open places according to seasons and it is the tribal communities who have incorporated season's gifts in their lives. Mahua flour, millets, edible roots and tubers are the main components of the tribal meal.

All the tribal communities have their unique notions called Sarna Parasnath. Folk spirit defines the unique features of the culture of Jharkhand. Tribal cultures remain unperturbed by the trends of modernization even today.

The tribal identity is recognized through various socio-cultural characteristic like community participation in social life and decision making, egalitarian etiquette in interpersonal relationship, purity of race through kinship relationship, typical language, dress and apparel, love of fun and fancy, completer dependence on the providence of nature, community ownership of productive resources, adherence to tradition, celebrating festivals along with agricultural cycles, aversion to changes in the radical socio-economic and religious spheres.

Festivals
The important festivals of the state are Sohraj, Karma, Badna, Sarhul, Hal Punhya, Id, Holi, X-mas, Dussehra, etc.

Folk Dances
It comprises of the Jadur, Paika, Karma, Chhou, Nachni, Agni, Santhal, Natua, Matha, Sohrai, etc.

Folk Music
Faguwa, Mardana Jhumar, Janani Jhumar, Jhumta, Dohari Domkach, Akhariya Domkach, Udasi, Pawas, etc.

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