In a land area of 30,814 square kilometers, the archdiocesan territory covers the urban district of Hyderabad, which is also the capital of Andhra Pradesh, the semi-urban district of Ranga Reddy and the districts of Medak and Nizamabad.
The Hyderabad mission, which had its beginnings in 1646 with the arrival of Portuguese and with them the Theatines and Augustinians, became an independent vicariate in 1845. Msgr Daniel Murphy, an Irish priest was the first Vicar Apostolic. The vicariate then had a total population of 12 million and the Catholics were around 4,000. The Pontifical Institute of Foreign Missions (PIME) missioners were among the first to work in the vicariate.
When Pope Leo XIII made a proclamation on August 1, 1886 converting all the vicariates in India into dioceses and making all vicars apostolic residential bishops, Hyderabad became a diocese and the third Vicar Apostolic, Msgr Peter Caprotti, PIME, became the first bishop of Hyderabad. Hyderabad was raised to the status of an archdiocese on September 19, 1953, and the fifth bishop of Hyderabad Bishop Joseph Mark Gopu was appointed the first archbishop.
Over the years many new dioceses were created from the original territory of Hyderabad. In 1928, the districts of Raichur and Gulbarga in Karnataka State were detached to form the diocese of Bellary. Krishna and West Godavari districts in Andhra Pradesh State were detached in 1933 for the erection of the diocese of Vijayawada. The diocese of Warangal was established in 1952 with the districts of Warangal, Khammam, Nalgonda and Karimnagar. In 1976, the new diocese of Nalgonda was formed with Mahabubnagar from the Archdiocese of Hyderabad and Nalgonda district from Warangal diocese. Marathi-speaking areas of the archdiocese were detached in 1978 to form the diocese of Aurangabad. Khammam was made a new diocese in February 1988. On June 18, 1982 the district of Bidar in Karnataka State was entrusted to the pastoral care of Mangalore diocese to form in 2005 the new diocese of Gulbarga.
The population in the archdiocese is 12.86 million. Languages used in the territory include Telugu, English, Hindi, Tamil, Malayalam and Urdu.
According to government state record in 2004-2005, the per capita income in the area is 22,520 rupees (about US$500). Hyderabad is a major drug manufacturing city of the country, known as the pharmaceutical capital of India. It is also known for its food industry, especially poultry, meat and dairy. Recently, the city has made a mark in information technology with several major companies like Microsoft, Wipro, Infosys, Satyam and Oracle India among others opening their units in the city. The districts of Ranga Reddy, Medak and Nizamabad produce mainly rice, jowar and maize.
The literacy rate in the archdiocesan territory is 62.75 percent.
The population in the archdiocese is 12.86 million.
Languages used in the territory include Telugu, English, Hindi, Tamil, Malayalam and Urdu.