In a land area of 3, 819 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers the civil districts of Jowai, Khliehriat, Rymbai, Shangpung and Sutnga in the state of Meghalaya.
295,229 is the total population in the dioces. Pnar, War, Garo, Nepalee, migrant biharis are the major ethnic groups.
Khasi, Pnar, War, Garo, Hindi are the various languages spoken in the diocese.
The Diocese of Jowai was erected on Jan. 28, 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI, and Father Vincent Kympat was appointed its first bishop. He was ordained on April 2, 2006 by the Apostolic Nuncio to India, Archbishop Pedro Lopez Quintana.
The villages and small towns are administered by elected local bodies called Panchayats and municipalities respectively.
The diocesan area is well connected in terms of transport infrastructure by roads. The nearest airport is in Guwahati city.
India Rupees 18,274 (USD393 as of January 2010) is the per capita income in the diocesan territory. Farming is a means of income. Especially vegetables like potatoes, cauliflowers are grown. Fruits like Sweet oranges, arcanuts and beetle leaves are also grown.
Telecommunications Government and private operators provide extensive telecommunication facilities in the diocesan area. The diocese is well connected by local cable TV networks.
Jowai is the biggest town in the diocese. One fifth of the land is Government Reserved Forest. The landscape is beautiful and it is a plateau surrounded North by the Assam valley, South by the plain of Bangladesh, West by the hills of Shillong Archdiocese East by the Hills of Cachar District. One fourth of the area is coal mines and lime stones.
60 percent is the literacy rate in the diocesan territory.