In a land area of 45,147 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers the revenue districts of Chhatarpur, Rewa, Patna, Satna, Sidhi, Tikamgargh and Singrauli in the state of Madhya Pradesh in central India.
The diocese has a total population of 7,100,235 of which 17% belong to Scheduled Castes and 14% belong to Scheduled Tribes.As per the 2001 Census of India, the district had a population of 1,868,648. Males constitute 53% and females 47% of the population, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. Over 85 per cent of the population are Hindus and the rest consists of Muslims, Sikhs, Jains and Christians.
The district has a population density of 249 persons per square kilometer.
The majority of the population speaks Bagheli, which is a derivate of Hindi. But also Hindi, Baghelkandi, Bunelkhandi and Urdu are common.
The Apostolic Exarchate of Satna was erected by the Papal Bull In more est dated July 29, 1968 and was entrusted to the Vincentian Congregation (Syro-Malabar). It comprises seven civil districts in M.P, bifurcated from the Diocese of Jabalpur, namely Satna, Chhatarpur, Panna, Rewa, Sidhi, Tikamgargh and Singraluli. The Exarchate was made suffragan ad instar to the Archdiocese of Bhopal. Mar Abraham D. Mattam VC was nominated as its Apostolic Exarch.
On Feb. 26, 1977 by the Papal Bull Ecclesiarum Orientalium of Pope Paul VI the Exarchate was raised to the rank of an Eparchy. Mar Abraham D. Mattam was appointed the first Bishop of Satna. He was consecrated Bishop on April 30, 1977. The installation and the erection of the diocese took place on July 31, 1977.
On Dec. 22, 1999 Mar Abraham Mattam retired and Mar Mathew Vaniakizhakkel was appointed bishop of Satna on Jan. 14, 2000. He was ordained bishop and was installed on April 12, 2000.
Satna lies in one among the lime stone belts of India as a result of which Satna contributes around 8-9% of India's total cement production. Asia's biggest cement factory known as Prism Cement is in Satna. It is also home to one of the leading cables manufacturer of India, Universal Cables Limited.
The industries in the district include hand loom weaving, flour, oilseed milling, and the distribution of agricultural and fabric products via road and rail junction. Satna being on the important railway route is the goods-transport capital of the Vindhya region as most of the trade supplies to the region are unloaded and further supplied to other Vindhya regions from here.
Currently the economy is on the boom in the district. Satna is in the transient stage of transformation to a big city. As the city takes the trade hub stature, it follows a high intake of people immigrating from other regions to it and subsequent increase in the demand of goods and services need to be fulfilled, therefore a boom of companies in the areas of banking, commerce and trade, and consumer goods with big name are increasingly registering their presence in the region.
The economy of the district depends heavily on industries related to cement manufacturing, hand-loom, flour and oilseed milling and agricultural products.
During summer the maximum temperature reaches upto 45°Celsius and minimum at 22.3°Celsius. In winter, the maximum temperature goes upto 24°Celsius and the minimum comes down to 4°Celsius.
Satna has an average literacy rate of 70% with male literacy 76% and female literacy 62%. Besides, Satna is an educational hub of Vindhya.