Diocese of Simdega
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Total land area of the diocese 3761.2 square kilometers. Simdega is located in the south-western part of the state of Jharkhand. Simdega is surrounded by Gumla district in the North, Khunti and West Singhbhum in the east, Chhattisgarh state in the west and Orissa state in the South. This district was carved out from erstwhile Gumla district on April 30, 2001.

Population


Among the 526, 000 people in the diocesanm territory, Munda, Oraons, and Kharias, Badaiks, Muslims and Hindus are the ethnic groups.

Language


Languages used in the diocesan territory are Hindi, Mundari, Oraon, Kharia, and Nagpuria.

Political


India is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary form of Government. India follows a parliamentary form of democracy and the government is federal in structure. In Indian political system, the President is the constitutional head of the executive of the Union of India. The real executive power is with the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.

Jharkhand follows a Unicameral system of government i.e. it has only one house - the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) consists of 82 members, out of which one is nominated from Anglo Indian Community and 81 are elected members. No Catholic member from the Diocese is elected to State Assembly.

The state is headed by a Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. However, the real executive power rests with the Chief Minister and the Cabinet. At present Sri Arjun Munda is the Chief Minister. The political party or the coalition of political parties having majority in the Legislative Assembly forms the Government. The main political parties are Jharkhand Vananchal Congress, Marxist Coordination Committee and Jharkhand Mukti Morcha.

The administrative head of the State is called Chief Secretary, under whose jurisdiction a hierarchy of officials drawn from the Indian Administrative Service/State Civil Services function. Presently, the state has 24 districts.

The judiciary is headed by a Chief Justice and Jharkhand has a separate High Court, located in Ranchi.
Jharkhand is an ancient land and a newly formed state. Jharkhand was carved out of the southern part of Bihar on Nov. 15, 2000. The name "Jharkhand" means "The Land of Forests". Jharkhand shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 46,402.22 square miles The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital while Jamshedpur is the largest city of the state.

Simdega Diocese has no Parliamentary Constituencies. Simdega is one of the Jharkahnd assembly constituencies, currently occupied by Ms. Vimla Pradhan from Bharatiya Janata Party.

Transportation

Roads are being used for transportation in the area.

Economy


Per capita income in the diocesan territory: Rs. 23 361 or USD522 as of December 2010.
Major industries: None; Trade and agriculture: Paddy, Maize, Groundnut, and Black beans.

Telecommunication


No Internet and electricity facilities available, mobiles are commonly used by the people.
TV broadcasting station, radio stations in the territory: None, Signals are received from Ranchi Doordarshan and All India Radio

Education

The literacy rate is Female: 23 percent, Male: 45 percent

Culture


Jharkhand is a place renowned for its numerous cultural feats. Jharkhand is also known as 'Vananchal'. Jharkhand kept its unique cultural traits after its formation as a new state on Nov. 15, 2000.

The culture of Jharkhand stand nowhere without its treasure of ebullient festivals like Sarhul, Sohrai,Karma, Christmas, Id, Holi and Dushahra. Fold music and dance are part and parcel of the tribal culture. People sing and dance in open places according to seasons and it is the tribal community who has incorporated season's gifts in their lives. Mahua flour, millets, edible roots and tubers are the main components of the tribal meal.

All the tribal communities have their unique notions called Sarna Parasnath. Folk spirit defines the unique features of the culture of Jharkhand. Tribal cultures remain unperturbed by the trends of modernization even today.

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