In a land area of 25,950 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers the civil districts of Visakhapatnam, Viziangaram and East Godavari. Visakhapatnam is the biggest city in the diocese. Vizianagaram, Kakinada and Rajahmundry are other important towns in the diocese.
In Visakhapatnam diocese, the population is 12,628,834 at end of 2006. (The population of the whole country is about 1,2 billion). Most residents are ethnic Telegus. Tribals also form part of the diocese.
Telegu Hindi and English are the languages used in the diocesan aerea.
The area of the Diocese of Visakhapatnam now consists of the area of the civil districts of Visakhapatnam, East Godavari and part of Vizianagaram in Andhra Pradesh.
This territory was part of the Diocese of Mylapore from 1806, and in 1833 it became part of the Vicariate Apostolic of Madras. However, organized Church work began to take place only from 1845, when it was erected as a separate Pro-Vicariate on March 16, 1845 and was handed over to the Fathers of St. Francis de Sales of Annecy, France. Later it was made a Vicariate Apostolic through a Brief of Pope Pius IX, on April 3, 1850; and it was constituted into a diocese when the Indian Hierarchy was established on September 1, 1886. This original territory of the Diocese of Visakhapatnam in 1886 has given shape by now to some fourteen dioceses including three archdioceses, Nagpur being the first one in 1887 and Srikakulam being the latest one in 1993.
The First Fathers of St. Francis de Sales on their arrival in Visakhapatnam found there one old Theatine priest who was the last survivor of the priests from Mylapore. At that time there were only a few Catholics scattered about who were mostly European troops. In 1850 their total number was estimated to be 4,000 even though the Vicariate included the Central Province and Berar which were separated from Visakhapatnam in 1886. The present diocese is only less than one twentieth in area of the original diocese in 1886.
It became an archdiocese on Oct. 30, 2001. The Metropolitan has as its suffragans the diocese of Srikakulam, Eluru, Vijayawada, Guntur and Nellore, lying near the coastal belt on the Bay of Bengal.
The City is managed by Corporation. The villages and small towns are administered by elected local bodies called Panchayats and municipalities respectively.
The diocesan area is well connected in terms of transport infrastructure by roads and railways. The nearest airport is in Visakhapatnam city. The city has a major port and a naval base.
Rupees 27,712 (about USD567 as of July 2009) is the capital income in the diocese territory. Farming, especially paddy cultivation is the biggest occupation. Shipbuilding, oil refinery and steel factories provide jobs in the diocesan area.
Government and private operators provide extensive telecommunication facilities in the diocesan area. The diocese is well connected by local cable TV networks.
54.03 per cent is the literacy rate in the diocesan territory.