"Saraiki" is the language of the region that is also called the "Multani" language. Most of the people speak Saraiki with a good portion of the people conversant in Urdu. English is understood by the educated.
On April 13, 1960 the territorial districts Loyalpur, Montgomery and Jhang were separated from the diocese of Multan to form a new diocese of Loyalpur. Most. Rev. Msgr. F.B. Cialeo OP the first Bishop of Multan Diocese was transferred to the new diocese of Loyalpur.
Most. Rev. Msgr. Aloysius L Scheerer OP was elected on 13th April 1960 as the second Bishop of Multan; consecrated in Rome on May 8, 1960 and was installed as Bishop on May 18, 1960. He was installed as Bishop of Multan Diocese on May 18, 1960. After the death of Bishop Scheerer on Jan. 26, 1966, Bertrand A. Boland O.P. was elected the third Bishop of Multan on May 17, 1966, and was installed on October 25, 1966.
The American Dominican province of New York has worked in the diocese since 1966. On Feb. 02, 1982 Patras Yousaf was ordained as forth Bishop.
The diocese covers 100,705 square kilometers and includes the whole of Multan division with the District of Multan, Vihari and Khanewal. In the Bahawalpur division, the district of Bahawalnagar, Lodhran and Rahim Yar Khan. In the Dera Ghazi Khan division the districts of Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Layyah and Rajanpur.
The Catholic diocese belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Punjab which comprises Lahore archdiocese, and the dioceses of Faisalabad. The Apostolic Prefecture of Multan was carved out of Lahore archdiocese on 1936. In 1939 some adjacent districts of Multan along with the State of Bahawalpur were departed from Lahore and Multan became a separate diocese.
There are many shrines and holy places of great Ulemas, sufis and saints and that is why it is called the "City of Saints".Multan is famous for traditional and religious fairs and festivals. It is also very famous for glazed pottery, camel skin products, cotton fabrics and hand woven carpets.
District Multan has an extreme climate. The extreme temperature of Multan in summer is 49°C whereas 1°C in winter. The average rainfall is 127 mm. The land of the district is plain and very fertile. However, the portions of tehsils Multan and Shujabad close to the river Chenab are flooded during monsoons season.
The area around the city is a flat plain and is ideal for agriculture. There are many canals that cut across the Multan District that provide water from nearby rivers. It is extremely hot in the summer.
Multan is located on the bank of Chanab river in the southern part of Punjab province and almost in the central part of Pakistan. There are two big deserts i.e Cholistan and Thal in Multan diocese. Vast plain ground dissected by rivers, canals and narrow water channels.