In a land area of 2,655 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers Baguio City and Benguet Province.
Baguio City is landlocked within the province of Benguet, thus bounding it on all sides by its different municipalities; on the North by the capital town of La Trinidad, on the East by Itogon and to the South and West by Tuba.
Benguet is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) in Luzon. Its capital is La Trinidad and borders, clockwise from the south, Pangasinan, La Union, Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, Ifugao, and Nueva Vizcaya.
A total of 13 municipalities and 140 barangays (villages) make up the province, while Baguio City is politically subdivided into 129 barangays.
- The 13 Municipalities
1. Atok "The small Alaska of Benguet" 2. Bakun 3. Bokod 4. Buguias 5. Itogon 6. Kabayan 7. Kapangan 8. Kibungan 9. La Trinidad "The Salad Bowl of the Philippines" 10. Mankayan 11. Sablan 12. Tuba 13. Tublay Cities
The only City in Benguet is Baguio City. It was the original Capital of the Province of Benguet.
As of yearend 2009 the total population of the diocese is 674,459 of which 72.83 percent are Catholics or 491,223.
Evidences of at least two series of waves and periods of migration in northern Luzon. The migrants were similar in physical type and language but came from different localities in southeastern Asia where they developed their own organizations and institutions that they brought to Luzon and modified in their new habitat.
The first series includes the Igorot; the Ibaloi of Benguet, the Kankanai of Lepanto, the Bontoks, and the Ifugaos. They have the following institutions in common: "trial marriage; division of their settlements into social and political units known as ato; separate dormitories for unmarried men and women; government by the federated divisions of a village as represented by old men; and a peculiar and characteristic type of dwelling.
In the second wave series belong to the Ilocanos, the Tinguians (Itnegs or Isnegs), the Apayaos, and the western Kalingas, to whom the institutions of the first wave series are unknown.
The languages commonly spoken in Baguio are Kankana-ey, Ibaloi, Ilocano, Ifugo, Tagalog, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, English, Chinese, and recently, Korean - due to a significantly large number of Korean students who are coming to the city to study the English language.
DIOCESE OF BAGUIO
Suffragan of Nueva Segovia
Created Apostolic Prelature of the Mountain Provinces on July 15, 1932
Created Apostolic Vicariate of Metropolitan Baguio by division on July 6, 1992
Elevated to the status of a Diocese on July 10, 2004
Comprising Baguio City and Benguet Province
Titular: Immaculate Heart of Mary
Diocese of Baguio was created July 6, 1932 from the then Apostolic Vicariate of the Mountain Provinces. Baguio City within the province of Benguet is sometimes called Pines City because of its picturesque forests of Benguet Pine. It sits on a plateau in the central Cordillera Mountains, with an elevation of 1,524 meters. And with the rest of Benguet, enjoys cool temperatures in January and in May. It is the summer capital of the country.
It was created Apostolic Vicariate of Metropolitan Baguio by division on July 6, 1992 and was elevated to the status of a Diocese on July 10, 2004.
Evangelization in the area was started in 1907 by the pioneer missionaries of the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (CICM), also known as the Scheut Fathers. These missionaries established mission centers, Catholic schools, a hospital and a clinic. Today the work of evangelization is being carried out through a network of 8 parishes in Baguio and 13 mission stations in the district of Benguet.
Formerly under the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia, created Apostolic Prelature of the Mountain Provinces (MONTAÑOSA) on July 15, 1932. It was elevated to Apostolic Vicariate on June 10, 1948 with Bishop William Brasseur, CICM, as the first Apostolic Vicar of Montañosa.
On Dec. 22, 2001 Most Rev. Carlito Cenzon, CICM, DD was appointed as the second apostolic vicar and on July 10, 2004 he was appointed the first bishop of the Diocese of Baguio.
Baguio City's lone congressional district is currently represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. Like most Philippine cities, Baguio is governed by a Mayor, Vice Mayor, and twelve (12) Councilors. However, being a highly-urbanized city, it is not subject to the jurisdiction of Benguet, the province which it was formerly part of. Baguio is the seat of government of the Cordillera Administrative Region
- Getting Here
Baguio city is accessible through three (3) national roads namely: Quirino Highway (Naguilian Road), Kennon Road and Marcos Highway. Air travel is also available through its airport located at Loakan Barangay.
There is another access to Baguio from Aritao in the province of Nueva Vizcaya passing through Itogon, Benguet but this is less traveled, the road is not well maintained, and public transportation through this route is not as regular. Another road, Halsema Highway (also known as "Mountain Trail") leads north through the mountainous portion of the Cordillera Autonomous Region. It starts at the northern border of Baguio, in the Municipality of La Trinidad (Trinidad Valley).
There are several bus lines linking Baguio with Manila and Central Luzon, and provinces such as Pangasinan, La Union, and those in the Ilocos region. Most transportation companies also offer express and air-conditioned buses at a much higher fare, though some minibuses offer cheaper fares.
- Going Around
There are several taxi and jeepney operators that provide transportation within the city. Taxi can also be hired on a flat rate basis depending on agreement with the driver. Tricycles (motorcycles with side cars) ply the shorter routes while buses have scheduled trips to outlying towns.
Annual per capita income (in Philippines Pesos; excludes Baguio City) 31,683 or USD733 as of October 2010.
Agriculture, mining and tourism are the major industries in Benguet. Because of its temperate climate and high altitude, Benguet is an ideal place for producing vegetables. Benguet is often called the Salad Bowl of the Philippines. Major crops include potatoes, Baguio beans, peas, strawberries, cabbage, lettuce, and carrots. Other agricultural-related activities are monggo processing, fruit preservation, peanut brittle manufacturing, broom making, basket weaving, and flower growing. Apisang (scientific name: Pittosporum resiniferum), a plant endemic to the Philippines, is also being grown in Kapangan and Kibungan towns as a potential alternative source of fuel and energy, rivaling the overhyped jatropha biofuel plant.
Agri-based business activities include monggo processing, fruit preservation, peanut brittle production, broom-making, basket weaving, and floriculture.
Gold as well as copper, pyrite, and limestone are mined in the province.
- Baguio is equipped with modern telecommunications facilities which enable callers to reach any place in the world. Facsimiles and cellular phones are available. Local and long distance calls are serviced by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT).
There are 13 TV stations operating in the territory. A total of 6 AM stations and 16 FM stations, all based in Baguio. Some radio stations can be heard by a relay broadcast from its Manila station.
Loakan Airport is the lone airport serving the general area of Baguio City. The airport is classified as a trunkline airport, or a major commercial domestic airport, by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines, a body of the Department of Transportation and Communications. The airport is used primarily by helicopters, turbo-prop and piston engine aircraft, although on rare occasion light business jets (LBJ) have flown into the airport.
Literacy rate (simple literacy; including Baguio City) is 91.15 percent.
Panagbenga Festival, the annual Flower Festival, is celebrated each February to showcase Baguio's rich cultural heritage, its appreciation of the environment, and inclination towards the arts.
The Mummies of Kabayan is another tourist attraction. These are placed in capsule-shaped coffins and buried in caves in high cliffs. Some of these are brought down to the Kabayan Museum for exhibition. Others are displayed in the office of the governor at the Benguet Provincial Capitol.
Easter Weaving Room Located within the campus of Easter School, this location allows tourists to witness the process of cloth weaving as practiced by the natives of the mountain provinces for ages.