In a land area of 6,961 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers the civil provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino and is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Tuguegarao. Its titular patron is St. Dominic de Guzman, whose feast is celebrated in the diocese every first Sunday of August.
In the diocesan territory, the population is 780,506 at the end of 2009 of which 49 percent are Catholics. (The population of the whole country is 88.5 million according to the National Statistical Coordination Board 2007).
The original inhabitants of Nueva Vizcaya were wild and semi-wild tribes. The wild tribes were the Igorots, Ifugaos, Ilongots and the Aetas. The semi-wild tribe includes the Gaddangs and the Maalats. The former led a nomadic life and roamed over the Cordillera, Ilongots Regions and Sierra Madre Mountain Ranges.
Ilokano, Tagalog and English are in use in the diocesan territory.
- Diocese of Bayombong
- Suffragan of Tuguegarao
Created Prelature: Nov. 7, 1966
Elevated to Diocese: Nov. 15, 1982 by Pope John Paul II
Comprises the civil provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino
Principal Patron: St. Dominic de Guzman, first Sunday of August
Secondary Patron: St. Vincent Ferrer, April 5
The first Christian mission established in Nueva Vizcaya was that of Ituy in 1609. This sitio or barrio could have been anywhere between what is now the province of Cagayan in the north, and the mountains bordering Nueva Ecija in the south, because as the Spaniards colonized the Philippines, the entire Cagayan Valley, now Region III, was simply one province called Cagayan.
The faith spread over the region through the efforts of the Augustinian and Dominican missionaries who came from areas now called Cagayan and Pangasinan.
By 1717, Father Alejandro Cacho went on mission trips to Ituy, and slowly picked up once again whatever threads of Christianity had been left by the earlier missionaries. Within twenty years, with the help of the Augustinians, Father Cacho was able to baptize many Isinays and Ilongots, original inhabitants of the place, and build cogon chapels in some eight settlements in the Marang Valley.
Over the years the settlements grew in number. Bujay, now the town of Aritao, and Dupax already had their resident priests. In 1739, Holy Mass was celebrated in Bayombong for the first time. The parishes of Bayombong, Bagbag and Dupax were established in 1741, and that of Solano soon after.
In April of 1841 the province of Nueva Vizcaya was born, created as a politico-military province by royal decree from Spain. The original line dividing the valley into two — Cagayan and Nueva Ecija provinces — ran between Tumauini and Ilagan (now the capital of Isabela). The name Nueva Vizcaya came from that of a province in Spain called Vizcaya. The capital was the town of Camarag (now Echague in Isabela).
In 1856, the province of Isabela was created, deriving half of its land from Cagayan, and half from Nueva Vizcaya. With this new partition, Bayombong became the new capital of Nueva Vizcaya.
On Nov. 7, 1966, the Prelature of Bayombong was established. In 1972 Quirino was made a separate province. The prelature then comprised the civil provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino.
On Nov. 18, 1966, Monsignor Alberto Van Overbeke, CICM, was appointed prelate and installed as such. In 1969 he was appointed Bishop-Prelate Ordinary, and ordained bishop in the same year. On Nov. 15, 1982, the prelature was elevated to a diocese, with Bishop Van Overbeke in charge. Because of ill health he asked for assistance and was given a coadjutor-bishop with the right of succession, in the person of Monsignor Ramon Villena. In 1987 Bishop Van Overbeke died and Bishop Ramon Villena became his successor.
The website of Diocese is available at: www.dioceseofbayombong.org
Nueva Vizcaya is composed of 15 municipalities with Bayombong as the provincial capital. The province also consists of one congressional district with two (2) sectors, the North and South Sector. The subdivision follows the administrative jurisdiction set in the Sangguniang Panlalawigan. There are 275 barangays of Nueva Vizcaya. The North Sector comprises seven (7) municipalities namely: Ambaguio, Bagabag, Bayombong, Diadi, Quezon, Solano and Villaverde. On the other hand, the South Sector has eight (8) municipalities namely: Alfonso Castañeda, Aritao, Bambang, Dupax del Norte, Dupax del Sur, Kasibu, Kayapa and Santa Fe. The boundary of the two sectors is drawn between the municipal boundaries of Ambaguio and Kayapa, Bayombong and Bambang and Quezon and Kasibu.
Quirino is a lone district with six (6) municipalities namely: Aglipay, Cabarroguis, Diffun, Maddela, Nagtipunana, and Saguday with 132 barangays.
Bayombong lies approximately 200 kilometers north of Manila and can be reached by land via the Cagayan Valley Road (Maharlika Highway).
The Belance-Dupax del Norte Junction National Road will make it easier for the people of Nueva Vizcaya to bring their produce to Aurora (Export Processing Zone), Quirino and the markets of Baguio and Metro Manila.
Kind of transportation modes are
- in Nueva Vizcaya: Buses and public utility jeepneys ply the routes around the province. Tricycles are numerous in every town. Van/Car rental services are available with rates depending on the type of vehicles used and the distance traveled.
- in Quirino: There are public mini-buses and jeepneys for short distance travel need.
Nueva Vizcaya has an annual per capita income of Philippines Peso 29,660 (US636 as of June 2010).
Quirino's annual per capita income is Philippines Pesos 21,503 (USD461 as of June 2010).
has always been timber country, logging operations having been its one heavy industry. Food crops — palay, tabacco, coconut, bananas and camote — are raised only for local consumption.
Small scale industries like furniture making, basketry, rattan craft, and dried flower production are prevalent.
The production of high value cash crops such as cacao, coffee, mushroom, pineapple, and peanut and their processing into manufactured food items are sustainable endeavors which can thrive in the province. The furniture and handicraft industry with the help of designers and modern technology can produce exportable products. Cattle raising can be further expanded so that it will lead to the development of a dairy industry. The rivers can be harnessed to produce electricity. Tourism-related ventures can be established to draw tourists to the province.
Other products are beans, coffee, and rootcrops. Cottage industries include the production of furniture and handicrafts made of wood, rattan, and nito. Dried flower is being promoted as an alternative industry.
The province of Nueva Vizcaya is located in the heart of Northern Luzon. It is geographically located at the southernmost part of Region II and is often referred to as "The Gateway to the vast Cagayan Valley Region". It is bounded on the north by Ifugao, in the northeast by Isabela, east by Quirino, west by Benguet and south by Nueva Ecija.
Quirino is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. Its capital is Cabarroguis, it was named after Elpidio Quirino, the sixth President of the Philippines. The province borders Aurora to the southeast, Nueva Vizcaya to the west, and Isabela to the north. Quirino used to be part of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, until it was separated in 1966.
The literacy rate (simple literacy) is in Nueva Vizcaya 91.43 percent.
In Quirino the literacy rate (simple literacy) is 91.51 percent.
- Panagyaman Festival
Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya, May 23-25
Anniversary of the establishment of the civil government of Nueva Vizcaya. Activities include street parades, street dancing, cultural shows, float parades and contest, sports events by municipality, agro-industrial fairs, others.
- Ammungan Festival
traces its roots from the Gaddang word "ammungan" and Ilocano term, "ummungan", which means gathering. The Grand Ammungan Festival highlights the gathering of the upland and lowland indigenous peoples groups in the spirit of thanksgiving.