Diocese of Boac
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Marinduque is a 959.2 square kilometers island province located 160 kilometers southeast of Manila. The Diocese of Boac comprises the island province of Marinduque.

Population

The total population of the area is 216,815 at the end of 2008.

History

Boac Diocese is a suffragan of Lipa Archdiocese
The diocese was created on April 2, 1977
Canonically Erected: May 10, 1978
Comprises the Province of Marinduque
Titular: Immaculate Conception, December 8

Boac was created a diocese in April 1977, separating it from the mother Diocese of Lucena in the province of Quezon. It comprises the entire civil province of Marinduque, an island province located between the Bondoc Peninsula at the southeastern portion of Luzon, and Mindoro Island. The province is surrounded by four bodies of water. Tayabas Bay to the north, Mompog Pass to the northeast, Tablas Strait to the west and southwest, and the Sibuyan Sea to the south. It is among the smallest provinces in the country, encompassing a land area of about 959 square kilometers. The diocese is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Lipa.

The island of Marinduque belonged to the old Archdiocese of Manila until April 10, 1910 when Pope Pius X created the Diocese of Lipa in Batangas, to which Marinduque was attached as a suffragan. When the Diocese of Lucena was created on Aug. 20, 1950, Marinduque became part of it until it was created as an independent diocese by virtue of an apostolic bull of Pope Paul VI issued in Rome on April 2, 1977, naming it the Diocese of Boac.

On May 10, 1978, the papal bull was carried into effect in the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Boac, in accordance with a document signed by Archbishop Bruno Torpigliani, D.D., Apostolic Nuncio to the Philippines at the time. Bishop Rafael M. Lim, D.D., a native of Boac who was then Bishop of Laoag, was appointed by Pope Paul VI as the first bishop of the new Diocese. He was solemnly installed on the same day the diocese was canonically erected, May 10, 1978.

The Diocese of Boac has the Social Action Commission (SAC) as its main arm for social apostolate, especially to the poor. It has four programs: The Basic Christian Communities-Community Organizing (BCC-CO) Program started in 1982. Since then it has formed 110 BCC-CO units comprising 1,918 members. 200 Community Organizing Volunteers have been trained under this program. There are also 30 full-time Community Organizers who are fielded to different areas of the province covering 218 barangays. The objective is to build basic Christian communities that are self-reliant in all aspects.

The Livelihood Assistance Program (LAP) began in 1986. It started with a loaning program to farmers and fishermen for their livelihood projects such as hog and poultry raising, fishing, and farm production. In 1993 the project evolved into a Multi-Purpose Cooperative. Thus began savings mobilization work among the BCC members and program beneficiaries.

The Community-Based Health Program (CBHP) was launched in October 1992 with the purpose of delivering primary health care to the depressed areas. Part of the program is the training of community-based health workers for the promotion of health care in the basic Christian communities. The CBHP also promotes herbal medicines, and has in fact ventured into the encapsulation of these medicines. Two health workers are undergoing a five-month intensive training on acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine.

The Enhanced Targeted Maternal Child Health Program (ETMCHP) started in 1979, aimed at upgrading the nutritional levels of children aged one to three years. It also hopes to hone knowledge, skills, and attitudes of mother participants in nutrition, health, and sanitation so that they may become positive contributors to the development of their respective communities.

Political

The province Marinduque is a lone congressional district and is subdivided into 6 municipalities: Boac, Buenavista, Gasan, Mogpoc, Sta. Cruz and Torrijos with 218 barangays.

Transportation

Marinduque Airport is the only airport located on and serving the island province of Marinduque in the Philippines. The airport is located in Barangay Masiga in the town of Gasan, near the border with the provincial capital, Boac. It is classified as a Class 2 principal (minor domestic) airport by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines.

Roads are constructed using a combination of concrete, asphalt, gravel and earth.

The province has 16 bridges along national highway.

Modes of Transportation

By Air
Currently, Marinduque is served with a direct flight to and from Manila, the aircraft lands at the Marinduque Airport in barangay Masiga, roughly in between Gasan and Boac.

By Sea
Bounding for the western side of the island, take a ferry from Lucena City to Marinduque through Balanacan Port in Mogpog, Buyabod Port in Sta. Cruz, and Cawit Port in Boac.

Bounding for the eastern side of the island, take a ferry from Lucena City to Marinduque through Buyabod Port in Sta. Cruz, and Cawit Port in Boac.

Bus also serves a direct route from Manila to Marinduque through roll on-roll off (roro) along the way.

The province is facilitated by public utility vehicles (jeepneys, buses, minibuses). A number of buses and air-conditioned vans offer door-to-door direct transport and cargo services from the municipalities to Metro Manila. Some public utility vehicles and tricycles serve passengers within short distance trips or just within the town proper.

Power
All municipalities of Marinduque are energized through the Marinduque Electric Cooperative, Inc. (MARELCO), the electric power of which is generated by a mining corporation in Sta. Cruz. MARELCO can supply electric power 24 hours a day except under the special conditions of strong wind or heavy rainfall to project power lines.

Economy

The per capita income in the territory of the diocese is 20,195 Philippines Pesos (USD440 as of January 2010).

Sources of income came from agriculture, mining and tourism in which they are famous with the Moriones Festival during the Lenten Season.

The major economic activity of this province is agriculture in which coconut is the primary crop followed by rice. Other agricultural products planted in the remaining lands are corn, banana, vegetables, root crops, coffee, cacao, some vegetables varieties, legumes as well as mango and peanuts.

Fishing is the second major industry of the island which is surrounded by rich fishing grounds that abounds with snapper, tuna, mackerel and other commercial fish species and some catch are being exported to other countries as well. The biggest share of fishing industry goes to the town of Sta. Cruz followed by Gasan, Torrijos, Boac, Mogpog and Buenavista.

Other industry of the province is livestock/poultry in which people raise carabao, cattle, hog, goat, chicken, duck, horse, goose, and pigeons. The province has also large deposits of minerals such as copper, iron, manganese, limestone, and clay.

Telecommunication

Cell sites of Smart Communications, Globe Telecom & Sun Cellular are all constructed to provide network in the Boac South area.

The Philippine Long Distance Telephone (PLDT) operates in Boac, Gasan and Mogpog while Digital Telecommunications Philippines (DIGITEL) operates in Boac and Sta. Cruz. Both companies have phone booth stations in Buenavista and Torrijos. PLDT, DIGITEL and SMART also provide broadband internet services.

There is broadcast satellite of Radio Natin, the first and only radio station in the province operated by Manila Broadcasting Company (MBC).

Topography

Marinduque is a heart-shaped island between Tayabas Bay in the north and Sibuyan Sea to the south. It is separated from the Bondoc Peninsula in Quezon by the Mompog Pass. Some of the smaller islands to the northeast are Maniuayan Island, Santa Cruz Island, and Mompog Island. The highest peak in Marinduque is Mount Malindig (formerly, Mount Marlanga), a potentially active volcano with an elevation of 1157 meters.

It is mountainous covering approximately ½ of the total land area. Coastal plain is found along the seacoast of the municipalities of Boac, Gasan and Buenavista on the western side of the province with alluvial plains on the western part of Mogpog to Buenavista and eastern portion of Sta. Cruz.

Marinduque is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA (designated as Region IV-B, combining the names of its provinces, which are: Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan) region in Luzon. Its capital is Boac. Boac is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. It is the capital municipality of Marinduque. Marinduque lies between Tayabas Bay to the north and Sibuyan Sea to the south. It is located south and west of Quezon, east of Mindoro, and north of Romblon.

Education

The literacy rate (simple literacy) is 93.94 percent.

Culture

Boakeño culture, like that in any other town of the province, can be described as a culture of hospitality and with unique cultural traditions, expressions and artifacts. Religiosity is also evident among its people through their ritual celebrations of barangay and town fiestas in honor of the Blessed Virgin, Moriones Festival during the Lenten Season, Buling, Bulating, Tubungan or Putong, unique cultural expressions of songs and prayers through ceremonial crowning, May flower Festival or Santa Cruzan during the month of May and the newly launched Bila-bila Festival, a cultural and literary activity focusing on the butterfly. Practices like the "Pamamanhikan, Harana, Urungan, Bayanihan, Mano", (Pamamanhikan: to formally ask for the hand of a prospective bride; HaranaserenadeUrungan: this is a practice in Marinduque that after the wedding rites, the man will stay at his wife's house and the wife with some relatives will go to the husband's house; Bayanihan: mutual aid, cooperation; Mano: a sign of respect to elders) among others, are still commonly practiced among the people. These inherited Filipino values and traits are still observed and practices.

The Annual Mariones Festival is held in Boac and surrounding areas of Marinduque Island during the Lenten season. This holy celebration is famed to be one of the most colorful festivities in Marinduque and the Philippines.

The Kangga Festival which is celebrated annually to coincide with San Isidro Labrador's feast day, May 15 in Mogpog. Kangga Festival features a parade of decorated kangga pulled by carabaos (buffalos) and filled with harvests, residents walking barefoot in farming attire and carryin

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