In a land area of 3,799 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers comprising the provinces of Misamis Oriental and Camiguin and one municipality of Bukidnon.
Misamis Oriental is one of the five provinces of Northern Mindanao. The province is located along the northern coast of the island of Mindanao. It is bounded on the north by Macajalar Bay, on the west by Iligan Bay, on the south and southwest by the provinces of Bukidnon and Lanao del Norte, and on the east by Agusan del Norte.
Camiguin Island is located at the northern tip of Mindanao. The island province is bounded to the north by Bohol Sea, to the west by Macajalar Bay, to the southeast by Gingoog Bay and to the east by Butuan Bay. Camiguin is the smallest province in Northern Mindanao, with a land area of approximately 30,000 hectares. The island province is composed of five towns: Catarman, Guinsiliban, Mahinog, Sagay and Mambajao, which is the island-province's capital town.
As of yearend 2009 the total population of archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro is 1,476,397 of which 82.9 percent are Catholics.
In the mountains of Misamis Oriental there are some indigenous Filipinos popularly known as lumad. Lumad is the local term used to refer to indigenous ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippines who were neither Christianized nor Islamized.
Local language is Cebuano but majority can speak and understand Tagalog and English. Most Chinese descendants speak Fookien. There are Korean and Japanese migrants, very few German. Other dialects are Maranaw, Higaunon (the language of the original settlers), Ilongo, and Waray.
- The Establishment of the Diocese of Cagayan de Oro
When Zamboanga was made into a Diocese in 1910 (April 10), it comprised the whole of the island of Mindanao and the Sulu archipelago. Thus, Cagayan de Oro became part of the Diocese of Zamboanga detaching it from Cebu.
On Jan. 20, 1933 Pope Pius XI created a second diocese in Mindanao, that of Cagayan de Oro, separating it from Zamboanga and giving it jurisdiction over the then provinces of Surigao, Oriental and Occidental Misamis, Bukidnon, and part of the province of Lanao. Together with Zamboanga it became a suffragan of the new ecclesiastical province of Cebu.
In 1939 the Diocese of Cagayan de Oro was divided again with the creation of the Diocese of Surigao comprising the provinces of Surigao and Agusan; and in 1951 was divided again with the creation of the Diocese of Ozamiz comprising the provinces of Lanao and Misamis Occidental.
- The Elevation of Cagayan de Oro into an Archdiocese
On June 29, 1951 Pope, Plus XI elevated Cagayan de Oro to an archdiocese, coinciding with that of Jaro. The Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro became the first archdiocese in Mindanao, thereby separating Mindanao from the Ecclesiastical Province of Cebu. It had as its suffragans all the dioceses and prelatures then in Mindanao: Surigao, Cotabato, Sulu, Davao, Ozamiz, and Zamboanga which had been its mother diocese. It became an archdiocese seven years ahead of its mother diocese.
On June 29, 1951 by the Apostolic Constitution "Quo Philippina Respublica" which reorganized the ecclesiastical provinces in the Philippines, together with Nueva Segovia of Ilocos Sur, Caceres of Camarines and Jaro of Iloilo), Cagayan de Oro became the first Archdiocese in Mindanao. It comprised all the then existing dioceses and prelatures of Mindanao (Surigao, Cotabato, Sulu, Davao, Ozamiz) including Zamboanga, its Mother diocese, which became an archdiocese only in 1958. Thus, at that time Cagayan de Oro became one of the six Ecclesiastical Provinces in the Philippines and the only one in Mindanao.
Its first Archbishop was Archbishop James T.G. Hayes, S.J. who was the Archbishop until the acceptance of his retirement in 1970.
With the creation of the Archdioceses of Zamboanga (May 19, 1958), Davao (June 29, 1970), Cotabato (Nov. 5, 1979) and Ozamiz (Jan. 24, 1983), the present suffragan dioceses of Cagayan de Oro now are: Malaybalay (Province of Bukidnon), Butuan (Provinces of Agusan Norte and Sur), Surigao (Province of Surigao Norte) and Tandag (Province of Surigao Sur).
The Patron Saint of the Archdiocese is St. Augustine of Hippo whose feast falls on August 28. The choice of St. Augustine as Patron Saint can perhaps be explained by the fact that the Augustinian Recollects came to Cagayan de Oro in 1624 and worked in earnest for the spread of Christianity.
- The Archdiocesan Vision
"A renewed community of believers fully knowing, loving and serving Christ, proclaiming the Good News and actively participating in the building of a society of Justice, peace and love."
And Its Mission
"We, the servant-leaders of the Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro, in collaboration with and in participation of the fullness of the Bishop's priesthood, and making our own the call of the Plenary Council of the Philippines II for renewal and transformation, commit ourselves: 1) to live a life that is rooted in Christ; 2) to live the life of evangelical poverty, celibacy and apostolic obedience; 3) to serve as pastoral leaders with the compassion and humility of the Good Shepherd; 4) to celebrate the Eucharist as authentic presiders and to proclaim the Word credibly; 5) to live as brothers respecting each one's freedom and fostering a sense of belonging; 6) to be in the midst of our people to know their plights, anguishes, hopes and aspirations; 7) to be imbued with deep love of preference for the poor, defending and vindicating their rights; 8) to nurture a filial devotion of Mary, the Mother of Jesus and our Mother."
History of the name Misamis Oriental and Cagayan de Oro
The name Misamis Oriental was derived from the word Misa, a Spanish term for mass or a church rite. When Christianity was still new in the Philippines, the converts were usually heard to shout "Misa!, Misa!" every time the priests traveled in the area. Thus, over a period of time, the Spanish missionaries called the province "Misamis". Other sources revealed the word "Misamis" is derived from "KUYAMIS", a variety of sweet coconut which was the staple food of the earliest known Negrito settlers of the territory. The word "KUYAMIS" was corrupted to Misamis when the Spanish colonizers came.
The Cagayan de Oro City's name can be traced back during the arrival of the Recollect friars in 1622, the area around Himologan was already known as "Cagayan". In fact, early Spanish documents in the 1500s already referred to the place as "Cagayan". The area of Northern Mindanao, which included Cagayan, was granted as an encomienda to a certain Juan Griego on Jan. 25, 1571. How did this name originate, when we also know that there is a Cagayan in Luzon and a Cagayan in Sulu Language researchers trace the etymology of the name "Cagayan" as coming from the Proto-Philippine language, the root of many Filipino languages? In this language, which was Malayo-Polynesian, the word for water was "ag". "Agus" was the "flow of the water" hence "agusan" was "the place where there is a flow of the water". In that same language, "kagay" meant "river". "Kagay-an" meant "the place of the river". That is the root of the name of Cagayan, derived from the great river that runs through the city.
A Philippine province is headed by a Governor. A Provincial Council (Sangguniang Panlalawigan) is composed of a Vice Governor (Presiding Officer) and Provincial Board Members. A Philippine city or municipality is headed by a Mayor. A City Council (Sangguniang Panlungsod) or Municipal Council (Sangguniang Bayan) is composed of a Vice Mayor (Presiding Officer) and City or Municipal Councilors. A barangay is headed by a Barangay Captain, who is also the presiding officer of the barangay council. The Barangay Council is composed of seven (7) Barangay Kagawads. A similar unit called a Youth Council (Sangguniang Kabataan) is headed by an SK Chairperson with a similar rank to a Barangay Captain. The council is composed of SK Members.
- Cagayan de Oro is quite sufficient when it comes to land transportation; you can easily roam around the city by any means of land transport. If you only want to go around the city proper, there is a number of private firms provide rent-a-car services; operate taxi cabs, public utility jeepneys and trucking or hauling services. Taxis in the city are all air-conditioned and most are new models. The taxis are either colored yellow or white and have yellow plates.
Another mode of transportation in the city is the Rela, Cagayan de Oro's version of the Philippine tricycle. It is a common mode of transportation even within the city proper. It seats around six to eight people and could get cramped. This is not an advised mode of transportation for plus sized people.
There are three bus and jeepney terminals in the city which offer regular land trips.
- Getting to Misamis Oriental
By land, sea and air, Misamis Oriental is very accessible. Major airlines fly to the Lumbia Airport in Cagayan de Oro. A new airport however is in the works in Laguindingan which promises to be better, bigger, safer and cleaner than Lumbia.
- Getting Around Camiguin Island
All of Camiguin's municipalities are located along the island's coastline - making them easily accessible by the island's excellent roads and 64 km circumferential highway. This highway encircles the island and makes travels between tourist sites easily and convenient.
There are many forms of public and private transportation available in the island. One only has to inform your host about you need. Vans, jeepneys, multicabs (small jeepneys), tricycles (motorellas), and motorcycles are the most common form of transport.
Getting to the White Island and Mantigue Island is also made very convenient with the availability of several motorized boats. One can arrange for a private charter or can go directly to pre-identified coastal areas where these boat
Lumbia Airport, also known as Cagayan de Oro Airport, is a major domestic airport serving the general areas of Cagayan de Oro City and Northern Mindanao region, located in the Province of Misamis Oriental in the Philippines. It is the currently the second-busiest airport in Mindanao, after Francisco Bangoy International Airport in Davao City. It is also the only airport in the Province of Misamis Oriental. The domestic airport is classified as a trunkline airport, or a major commercial domestic airport, by the Air Transportation Office.
Lumbia Airport takes its name from its location in Barangay Lumbia, Cagayan de Oro City. It serves as a minor air base of the Philippine Air Force. It is also set to be replaced by the larger Laguindingan International Airport.
Laguindingan International Airport currently under construction in the Municipality of Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental, some 46 kilometers southwest of Cagayan de Oro City. When it is finished, the International airport will serve Northern Mindanao including its major cities; Iligan and Cagayan de Oro. Construction of the International airport will be completed by 2011.
- Water Supply
Water service is provided by the Cagayan de Oro Water District (COWD), it was the first water district established in the entire country.
- Power Supply
Electricity is provided by the Cagayan Electric Power and Light Company (CEPALCO). CEPALCO, which began operations in 1952, covers the City of Cagayan de Oro and the Municipalities of Tagoloan, Villanueva and Jasaan, all in the province of Misamis Oriental, including the 3,000-hectare PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and caters to more than 100,000 consumers.
Cagayan de Oro Port is a modern international seaport situated near the estuary of Cagayan de Oro River, it has an anchorage depth of 18 meters and is around 400 meters from the shoreline. It has two authorized cargo handling operators. With the re
The annual per capita income in the diocesan territory is (in Philippines Pesos) 20,366 or USD480 as of November 2010. The annual per capita income in Misamis Oriental (exclude Cagayan de Oro City) is Pesos 19,455. Annual per capita income (in peso) (exclude Cagayan de Oro City) 19,455or USD459 as of November 2010.
Misamis Oriental is self-sufficient in some agricultural crops. Almost half (43%) of the province's total land area is planted to various crops like industrial and non-food, cereal, fruit and vegetable and rootcrops. The top five (5) agricultural products are coconut, banana, corn, rice, papaya and cassava. The province is also one of the country's major producers of coconut.
Over the years, export performance in Cagayan de Oro relied largely on traditional products, the major ones of which are canned pineapple, fatty alcohol, sintered ore, crude coconut oil and desiccated coconut and coco shell charcoal. But canned pineapple, fatty alcohol and sintered ore remained consistently on top of the export commodities.
Other major manufacturing industries include coco-based companies; industrial gases; wood-based and other agri-based companies.
- Mineral Resources
Misamis Oriental is rich in some mineral deposits with cement raw material and clay deposits topping the list. The mining activities in the province are for chromite, feldspar, silica, bentonite, gold, coal, phosphatic deposit, guano, shale, and limestone.
Cagayan de Oro is also endowed with mineral resources, both metallic and non-metallic. Non-metallic deposits are the most popular and are widely used for industrial and agricultural purposes. These include sand, gravel, limestone and feldspar. It should be noted that many of the areas in Cagayan de Oro are bedded with limestone bodies. Larger exposed limestone bodies are in the vicinity of Indahag.
Iron boulder deposits (magnetite and hematit
- Area Codes. There are two local area codes for Cagayan de Oro. This depends on the Phone carrier. Phone carriers PLDT-Philcom, Smart Broadband, Italtel and Sotelco use local area code number 88. These local phone numbers start with numbers 8, 2, or 3. Example: (88) 8561234; (88) 2311234; (88) 3501234.
- Phone carrier MisOrTel (Government owned) uses local area code number 8822. The local phone number starts with number 7. Example: (8822) 721234; (8822) 734567.
Misamis Oriental is characteristically rugged where mountains and hills occupy approximately seventy percent (70%) of total land area. The highlands are punctuated by mountain ranges, coastal plains and valleys are traversed by rivers of various forms and sizes that provide adequate underground water supply throughout the area. On the eastern portion of the province are two (2) inactive volcanic cones - Mt. Balatucan, which at 2,560 meters, is the highest peak and Mt. Lumot.
Cagayan de Oro City is characterized by a narrow coastal plain along the Macajalar Bay and by highland areas separated by steeply inclined slopes. The lowland is relatively flat and elevation is not more than 10 meters above sea level. The highlands bound the city in the south from east to west. They consist of plateaus, terraces, hills, mountains, canyons and gorges bound the city in the south from east to west.
Misamis Oriental is subdivided into 22 municipalities and one of the 4 provinces of the new Region 10 and 1 component city. It has two cities, Cagayan de Oro City, the capital, is a highly-urbanized city that governs itself independently from the province and Gingoog City, a component city, with 349 barangays (villages).
Camiguin is a pear-shaped volcanic island. It lies 10 kilometers off the coast of the Province of Misamis Oriental. Along with the Provinces of Bukidnon, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental, Camiguin forms part of a geopolitical grouping of provinces comprising Region X or Northern Mindanao. In terms of land area, Camiguin is only around 2 percent of Region X. It is the smallest province in Region 10. The province is composed of five (5) municipalities and 58 barangays.
Literacy rate (simple literacy) in the diocese is in Camiguin 96.44 percent and in Misamis Oriental 91.68 percent.
- Kagay-an Festival
Kagay-an Festival is held every 26th to the 28th of August in celebration of Cagayan de Oro's patron, Saint Augustine of Hippo (Señor San Agustin). Highlights of the Kagay-an Festival are the Agro-Trade Fair, Miss Kagay-an, Higaonon Street Dancing, Golden Float Parade and Halad sa Lambagohan. There are also cultural shows, competitions and celebrity concerts.
- Kaliga Festival (Gingoog City; July 23)
Celebrated to mark the City Charter Anniversary; activities are street dancing, trade fairs, civic military parade, and awarding of achievers.
- Lubi-Lubi Festival (Gingoog City; May 22)
Celebration of the Feast of Sta. Rita. Street dancers wear costumes made out of coconut materials.
- Hudayaka Festival
As defined/described by the people of Laguindingan it can be compared with the MASKARA FESTIVAL in Bacolod City, the SINULOG in Cebu City, KADAYAWAN in Davao City and many others where the significant historical events are being portrayed/dramatized through street dancing, merry making, and even cultural interpretative presentations. It was then officially launched July 12, 1996 sponsored by the Ayala Foundation, Inc. in cooperation with the local government of Laguindingan and the office of the Department of Tourism Region 10 in Cagayan de Oro City. The official launching was participated in by different groups from Opol to Gitagum, Misamis Oriental. The festival is one of the major attractions in the celebration of the "ARAW NG LAGUINDINGAN".
- Camiguin Foundation Day (1st Week of January)
A week long celebration as Camiguin became a separate province from Misamis Oriental. It denotes that the island is independent and can stand on its own to develop and can sustain the socio-economic situation of its constituents.
- Holy Week / Panaad
An annual holy week activity, during which tens of thousands of Christians visit Camiguin, to walk around the 64 kilometer-circumferential highway as a form of sacrifice either in fulfillment of a vow or in penance of sins.
- May Festival
A month-long fiesta celebration of the barangays and towns in Camiguin.
- San Juan sa Hibok-Hibok Festival
Held annually on June 24 in honor of St. John the Baptist with fluvial processions, parade, and water sports
- Lanzones Festival (3rd & 4th Week of October)
The festival celebrates the harvest of the Camiguin's Pride-Lanzones. This event also serves as thanksgiving of the blessings that the island continually receives. Highlights of the festival are Street Dancing and Tableau Competitions, Mutya sa Buahanan (Miss Camiguin Tourism) Beauty Pageant, Agro-Industrial-Technology Trade Fair and Sporting Events.
- Christmas Festival (whole month of December)
A package of activities which includes Christman Chorale and Pastorales Competition and vast display of Christmas symbols around the island.