Archdiocese of Capiz
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In a land area of 2,663 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers the civil Province of Capiz and the City of Roxas.

Capiz is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region (Region VI). Its capital is Roxas City and is located at the northeastern portion of Panay Island, bordering Aklan and Antique to the west, and Iloilo to the south. Capiz faces the Sibuyan Sea to the north.

Roxas City is situated at the Northeastern tip of the Island of Panay. Its boundaries are: Visayan Sea on the North, Municipality of Panit-an on the South, Municipality of Ivisan on the West, and Municipality of Panay on the East. The city classified, as a second Class Component City, belongs to the first political district of the Province of Capiz along with the Municipality of Maayon, Panay, Panit-an, Pilar, Pontevedra, and Pres. (President) Roxas.

Capiz is subdivided into one component city (Roxas), 16 municipalities, and 473 barangays (villages) with 2 Congressional districts.
City: Roxas
Municipalities:
1st District: Panay, Pontevedra, Panitan, Maayon, President Roxas, and Pilar.
2nd District: Ivisan, Sigma, Mambusao, Sapian, Jamindan, Tapaz, Dumalag, Dumarao, Cuartero, and Dao.

Population

As of yearend 2009 the total population of the diocese is 744,194 of which 93.52117 percent are Catholics.

Three types of people known to have inhabited Capiz: Aeta, popularly known as Negritos; Indonesians descendants of the Mundo tribe in central Panay; and the Malays.

  • Sulod Tribe
    Located in Tapaz, Capiz, it is a cultural minority of Indonesian stock that worships spirits, practice secondary burial, and hunt with blowguns. The Sulod love personal ornaments. The necklace worn is not only an ornament and a status symbol but also an anting-anting or amulet.

 

Language

Capiznon and Hiligaynon are the local dialects. Pilipino is also used and understood. English is the business language and spoken widely.

Capiznon is concentrated in the province of Capiz in the northeast of Panay Island. It is a member of the Visayan language family and the people are part of the wider Visayan ethnolinguistic group, who constitute the largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group.

It is often confused with Ilonggo or Hiligaynon, but it has its own unique vocabulary and accent. The Capiznon vocabulary also includes Akeanon and Waray words.

The Capiznon can also be claimed as the fastest language in the region.

Rural farmers speak a certain variety (characterized by the corruption of "l" sounds) that is now disappearing as the younger Capiznons adopt a more Ilonggo-like language with a slower pace and softer and longer vowels.

History

The Diocese of Capiz was created on Jan. 27, 1951 and was elevated to an archdiocese on Jan. 17, 1976. It now comprises the civil province of Capiz and Roxas City and has Kalibo and Romblon as suffragans.

Capiz is one of the provinces on the island of Panay. It is part of a group of provinces forming the Western Visayas group now comprising Region VII. On Panay Island, Capiz is bounded on the south and on the east by the province of Iloilo, on the west by Antique, on the northwest by Aklan and on the north by the Sibuyan Sea.

The early history of Capiz is closely associated with that of Aklan. Both were called Aklan under Datu Bankaya who, with ten other datus from Borneo settled in Panay in the 13th century. Aklan was ruled by the descendants of Bankaya until the Spaniards arrived in 1569. Miguel Lopez de Legaspi is reported to have established a settlement in Capiz and made it an independent encomienda.

The entire island of Panay was under the leadership of Datu Sumakwel who is remembered in Philippine history as the wisest of the group of datus from Borneo who bought the lowlands with gold from the Negritos. The so called Code of Kalantiaw, a code of laws in pre-Spanish times, also originated from Panay, presumably made by Datu Kalantiaw, descendant of Sumakwel.

The separation of Aklan from Capiz took place in 1956. Most of the inhabitants speak Hiligaynon a kind of Visayan with a distinct accent.

Political

A Philippine province is headed by a Governor. A Provincial Council (Sangguniang Panlalawigan) is composed of a Vice Governor (Presiding Officer) and Provincial Board Members. A Philippine city or municipality is headed by a Mayor. A City Council (Sangguniang Panlungsod) or Municipal Council (Sangguniang Bayan) is composed of a Vice Mayor (Presiding Officer) and City or Municipal Councilors. A barangay is headed by a Barangay Captain, who is also the presiding officer of the barangay council. The Barangay Council is composed of seven (7) Barangay Kagawads. A similar unit called a Youth Council (Sangguniang Kabataan) is headed by an SK Chairperson with a similar rank to a Barangay Captain. The council is composed of SK Members.

Transportation

The primary transportation vehicle used in Roxas City and other municipalities in Capiz is the tricycle. "Capiz Cab", the city's taxi that plys Roxas City and the 16 municipalities of the Capiz. Capiz Cabs are the first receipt-issuing taxis in the Philippines apart from those operating out of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport. As of now, there are 5 Capiz cabs that operate in the province.

Inter and provincial mobility of residents and their cargo is serviced by vans, buses and jeepneys. Sea transportation is served by two (2) shipping companies namely: Negros Navigation and Moreta Lines plying the route of Roxas to Manila.

Roll On-Roll Off (Ro-Ro) buses are operating to fetch passengers from Roxas City to Manila (Cubao or Pasay) via Catiklan,
Aklan-Mindoro-Batangas-Manila.

Geography

  • Airport
    Roxas Airport is an airport serving the general area of Roxas City, the capital of the province of Capiz, in the Philippines. The airport is classified as a trunkline airport, or a major commercial domestic airport, by the Air Transportation Office, a body of the Department of Transportation and Communications that is responsible for the operations of not only this airport but also of all other airports in the Philippines except the major international airports.

    Other major infrastructures are: the National Port, the Libas Fishing Port, the Teodoro Arcenas Trade Center (TATC), the Dinggoy Roxas Civic Center, and the Jumbo Bridge.

  • Bridges
    Roxas City Bridge (Old Capiz Bridge)
    The old and imposing Roxas City Bridge (formerly Capiz Bridge) remained strong and firm after it was built in 1910. Overlooking the Panay River, the bridge is a silent witness to various changes that ushered in progress and development in the city. Like the old bridge, equally alluring is the huge stretch of Panay River that transverses the very heart of the city. Passing the major edifice of the city, the river of Roxas City has been dubbed as the "Venice of the Visayas"

  • Water and Power Supply
    Electricity is provided by the Capiz Electric Cooperative (CAPELCO). The Metro Roxas Water District (MRWD) supplies potable drinking water to the populace. Supplementing the water supplied by MRWD are wells with hand pumps and artesian wells which are constructed through the Barangay Water Program (BWP) and Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH).

 

Economy

  • Annual per capita income (in Philippines Pesos) is 21,491 or USD500 as of October 2010.

    Capiz is known as the "Seafood Capital of the Philippines", where farming and fishing are the primary sources of income of the people. Capiz boasts of its 80-kilometer coastline and wide expanse of swampy lands easily converted into fishponds. It holds one of the richest fishing grounds and a major contributor in the aquamarine industry of the Philippines.

    The combined natural bounty of land and sea are enough to sustain a vibrant food industry. Its primary agricultural raw products are rice, corn, coconut, sugarcane, banana and cut flower. Apart from a surplus of agricultural products it generates every year, Capiz is also one of the country's major suppliers of prawn and milk fish. Other agro-industrial harvests include blue marlin, squid, oysters, shrimp, seaweed, squid and angel wings. The rich fishing grounds attract investors to venture into prawn culture, prawn feed manufacture, seaweed farming and the distribution and processing of other marine products.

  • Popular Capiz Shell Finished Products
    Some popular Capiz shell chips decorating design include gift items, indoor decoration and outdoor decoration ornaments. Capiz chip-made products range from lanterns, lamp shades, window pane, chandeliers, curtains, picture panels and frames, Capiz shell balls, plates, decorative bowls, candle holders, tiles, flower vase, door hanging chime, soapdish, pendant, globelight, necklace decor, beads, bird cage, floor lamp holders, faux chandelier, gift boxes, collection item rack and many more. This alone is proof to the wonders of the captivating Capiz treasures.

  • Bulad or dried fish
    Bulad or dried fish is a major product of the province of Capiz considering that it is blessed with miles and miles of rich coasts. There are several varieties of dried fishes that can be found in Capiz that makes it a captiv

Telecommunication

Communication facilities are catered by the Philippine Long Distance and Telephone Company (PLDT), Bureau of Telecommunications (BUTEL), PT&T, RCPI-Bayantel, Globelines-Islacom and cellular phone companies: Smart, Globe, Touch Mobile & Sun Cellular. Internet services are also available like PLDT Vibe.

Broadcast media is catered by 4 radio stations namely: AM - DYJJ, DYOW - Bombo Radyo, DYVR - Radio Agong / RMN - FM.-Star FM.

Television facilities reach the city through Iloilo. However, we have two (2) cable television provided by Wesfardell Cable Services and the Filvision, Inc. (Altocable). An ABS-CBN Television relay station is now operating in the city.

Education

Literacy rate (simple literacy) is 92.04 percent.

Culture

  • Saot Capiz
    a cultural presentation -The First Capiz Dance Season held every Saturday at the Capiz Provincial Park, Roxas City. This was participated by the different Performing Groups in the Province of Capiz.
  • Sinadya sa Halaran
    is a merging of the Roxas City Fiesta "Sinadya" and the Province celebration of "Halaran". "Sinadya sa Halaran" is a commemoration of the feast of the patroness of Roxas City which is the Immaculate Conception and a thanksgiving. It literally means "Joy in Sharing and Thanksgiving". Rituals and festivities of every municipalities where captivated in this occasion. Fireworks, grand parade, fluvial processions, fair and food festival, street dancing, and exhibits are some of the things to see of this event.
  • Pangahaw Festival
    A thanksgiving for a bountiful harvest by the Indigenous Peoples of Jamindan. It is during this time when all the members of the family come together and share.
  • Guyum-Guyuman Festival
    "Caguyuman" the old name of Pontevedra, meaning anthill, a name distinct for ants' house was once a part of the municipality of Pan-ay mainly because of its rich and abundant natural resources both from the coastal and upland areas. People from the nearby municipalities of Panay, Panitan, Maayon and Pres. Roxas, would thrive in the market place like swarm of ants for trading. This rich tradition is now a celebration of life and thanksgiving for all Caguyumanons.
  • Talahong Festival
    Talaba and tahong is very rich in production in these areas. More than a hundred fisherfolk live along the coast. Since Sapian is abundant with seafoods, it was the initiative of the Local Government Unit to organize a Talahong Festival (Talaba-Tahong) every 2nd Friday and 2nd Saturday of May that promotes the local products at its best.
  • Tagbuan Festival
    It was conceptualized during the Pre-Spanish time, wherein there were aetas in the upland bara