In a land area of 4,955.9 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers the civil provinces of Siquijor and Negros Oriental, from Dumaguete City up to Jimalalud in the north, bounded by the Diocese of San Carlos, and from Bacong to Kalumboyan and Basay in the south, bounded by the Diocese of Kabankalan.
As of yearend 2009 the total population of the diocese is 1,010,896 of which 91.37 are Catholics.
As of 2000, Dumaguete had the most number of ethnics numbering 101,620. Bisaya got the highest number with 78,258, followed by Cebuano with 20,459. Aburlin, Badjao, Sama Dilaut, Bantoanon, Davao-Chavacano, Gubatnon, Ibaloi/ Inibaloi, Ibontoc, Isamal Kanlaw, Iyapplai, Iyiwaks, Kalinga and Yakan were among those with the least number of ethnics. Minority groups are Batak/Binatak, Dibabawon, Hanunuo, Iraya, Isarog, Isnag, Itawis, Jawa Mapun, Kabihug, Kagayanen, Kamayo, Kapul, Mananwa, Mandaya, Mangyan, Nilulubo, Paranan and Subanen. Canlaon has the least number of ethnics with 46,537. Of the 20 municipalities, Guihulngan had the most number of ethnics with 84,573 individuals while San Jose got the least with 15,658 inhabitants/individuals.
Cebuano and Hiligaynon are the main dialects generally spoken in the households of Negros Oriental. Cebuano is spoken by 969,192 individuals (94.75%) and Hiligaynon or Ilonggo is generally spoken by 49,101 (4.80%) individuals mostly in areas around Basay, Bayawan, Sta. Catalina, Canlaon City and some areas in Mabinay.
At least 67 dialects or mother tongues are known to be spoken in the different parts of the province. Tagalog is, however, understood by a big majority of the population as well as the English language. English remains the medium of instruction in schools, colleges, and other higher learning institutions.
The main language spoken in Siquijor is Cebuano. English as well as Tagalog is also spoken by many of the residents.
Suffragan of Cebu
Created on April 5, 1955
Comprises the civil Provinces of Siquijor and Negros Oriental, from Dumaguete City up to Jimalalud in the north, bounded by the Diocese of San Carlos, and from Bacong to Kalumboyan and Basay in the south, bounded by the Diocese of Kabankalan.
Titular: St. Catherine of Alexandria, November 25
Pope Pius XII created the Diocese of Dumaguete on April 5, 1955 and appointed the Most Reverend Epifanio B. Surban, D.D. as its first bishop. The diocese then included the province of Negros Oriental, the sub-province of Siquijor, and four municipalities of Negros Occidental.
Negros Oriental covers the eastern portion of the island of Negros and is part of the Central Visayas region known as Region VIII. Its western and northern portions connect with the borders of Negros Occidental. It is bounded on the east by the Tañon Strait, on the south by the Mindanao Sea.
Spanish explorers on the expedition of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi first came to the island in April 1565. They reported seeing many dark-skinned inhabitants, and they called the island "Negros" (Negro means black in Spanish). In 1571, Legazpi assigned encomiendas (a labor system/legal system in Spanish policy) on the island. The Catholic faith was first introduced to the early inhabitants of eastern Negros by the Augustinian friars who established the parish of Tanjay in 1580. Forty years later Dumaguete was created as another parish covering the southern territories and Siquijor, which the Spaniards called Isla de Fuego.
Negros became a politico-military province in 1856. Due to its proximity to Mindanao, the south eastern coast Negros was in constant threat from Moro marauders (sea pirates) looking for slaves. Watchtowers were built to protect the Christian villages. The Moro raids and Negros Oriental's distance from the Negros capital in Bacolod induced some 13 Augustinian Recollects priests to petition for the division of the island in July 1876. The island of Negros was then divided into the provinces of Negros Oriental and Negros Occidental by a royal decree executed by Governor General Valeriano Weyler on Jan. 1, 1890. Dumaguete City was made the capital of Negros Oriental.
Dumaguete was under the territorial jurisdiction of the Diocese of Cebu until 1865, the Diocese of Jaro until 1932 and the Diocese of Bacolod until its creation as a new diocese in 1955. In 1988, the Diocese of San Carlos was created in Negros Occidental which absorbed ten parishes of the Diocese of Dumaguete.
Today the Diocese of Dumaguete includes the civil province of Negros Oriental and the sub-province of Siquijor, excluding the municipalities of La Libertad, Guihulngan, Vallehermoso and Kanlaon City in Negros Oriental. The population covered includes 829,603 persons, 85 percent of whom are Catholics. It remains a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Cebu, and has for its titular patron St. Catherine of Alexandria whose feast is celebrated Nov. 25. On Aug. 2, 1989 the Most Reverend Angel N. Lagdameo, D.D. was installed as Second Bishop of the Diocese. Five months later, on Jan. 7, 1990 he convoked the First Diocesan Synod of Dumaguete.
Attention has been centered on the promotion of the BEC's. For this purpose a Diocesan BEC Secretariat composed of priests, sisters and lay persons has been formed to give basic orientation seminars and to follow up those which have been formed so far in 18 parishes. Likewise, a team ministry to promote the spirit of brotherhood, community, collaboration and sharing among priests is on the stage of experimentation. Guidelines for the functioning of diocesan and parish councils and other structures have been formulated. All these have resulted in the streamlining of the work of the diocesan commissions and apostolates.
Negros Oriental is in Region VII, grouped together with other Cebuano-speaking provinces of Cebu, Bohol and Siquijor. Negros Oriental consists of twenty (20) municipalities, five (5) cities and five hundred fifty-seven (557) barangays. It is also further divided into three (3) legislative districts.
Siquijor is subdivided into 6 municipalities and 42 barangays. It has a lone district.
There are three modes of transportation in Siquijor: air, water and land. The province has an airport with flights to Dumaguete and Cebu on arrangement basis. Motorized bancas ply daily from Siquijor to Dumaguete and back. There are also a few shipping lines that ferry passengers and cargo from Siquijor's two seaports (in Siquijor and Larena) to Cebu, Tagbilaran, Plaridel, and Iligan. Registered land transport vehicles of various types total 1,922.
Land transport vehicles are categorized into three classes. These are private vehicles, for hire and government vehicles. Private vehicles include Light (cars), medium, heavy, Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV), Utility Vehicle (UV), Truck (T), Truck Bus (TB), Motorcycle (MC) and Trailer (TRL), categorized into Trailer Medium (TRM) and Trailer Heavy (TRH). For hire vehicles include Taxi, Utility Vehicle (UV) , Truck, Truck- Bus-(TB), Motorcycle for Hire (MCH), and Trailer (TRL). Government vehicles include Light (L), Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV), Utility Vehicle (UV), Truck (T), Truck Bus (TB), and Motorcycle (MC).
Under private category, Motorcycle (MC) consistently registered the highest number of units since 2002 and 2004, followed by motorcycle for hire.
Road surface analysis in the province shows that there is a total of 909.768 kilometers of national and provincial roads, 120.42 kilometers of which are concrete-paved, 308.885 kilometers or 33.95 per cent are asphalt-paved, 352.596 kilometers or 38.76 per cent are gravel roads and 127.867 kilometers or 14.05 percent are earth roads.
The Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) has put up engineering district office in each congressional district. As of May 2003, the three engineering districts in the province recorded a combined total of 375.86 kilometers of national roads. Of this total length, 99.733 kilometers or 26.53 per cent are concrete paved, 259.021 kilometers or 69.91 per cent are asphalt paved, and 17.106 kilometers or 4.55 per cent are gravel roads.
The DPWH Negros Oriental First Engineering District Office is based in Guihulngan and covers the City of Canlaon and the municipalities of Manjuyod, Bindoy, Ayungon, Tayasan, Jimalalud, La Libertad, Guihulngan and Vallehermoso. This district has a total of 124.592 kilometers of roads, 55.278 kilometers (44.37 per cent) of these are concrete paved, 68.713 kilometers (55.15 per cent) asphalt paved, and 0.601 kilometers (0.48 per cent) are gravel roads.
The DPWH Negros Oriental Second Engineering District Office, which holds office in Dumaguete City, covers the cities of Dumaguete, Tanjay and Bais and the municipalities of Sibulan, San Jose, Amlan, and Mabinay. It has for its record a total of 110.027 kilometers of road, 4.384 kilometers (3.98 per cent) of which are concrete paved, 105.643 kilometers (96.02 per cent) asphalt-paved. There are no gravel roads in this district.
The DPWH Negros Oriental Third Engineering District Office holds office in the municipality of Siaton and covers the City of Bayawan and the municipalities of Valencia, Bacong, Dauin, Zamboangita, Siaton, Sta. Catalina, and Basay. Its coverage area includes 144.495 kilometers of roads, 41.70 kilometers (28.86 per cent) of these are concrete paved, 86.21 kilometers (59.66 per cent) asphalt paved, and 16.585 kilometers (11.48 per cent) are gravel roads.
The Provincial Engineer's Office in Negros Oriental has constructed/improved a total provincial road length of 494.578 kilometers, 70.641 kilometers (14.28 per cent) of which are concrete-paved, 43.864 kilometers (8.87 per cent) are asphalt-paved, 332.628 kilometers (65.23 per cent) are gravel roads, and 57.445 kilometers (11.62 per cent) are earth roads.
There are 140 national bridges in Negros Oriental with a total length of 4,782 linear meters, 139 of which are permanent bridges and one is a temporary bridge. A few of these bridges have already undergone repairs and upgrading, especially the bridge approaches.
There are 17 provincial farm-to-market bridges with an aggregate length of 434.68 linear meters, 189.91 linear meters of which are temporary or made of timber; 25.14 linear meters are concrete girder bridges; and 219.63 linear meters are reinforced concrete deck girder.
The Dumaguete City airport is the only major airport in Negros Oriental serving daily domestic flights to and from Manila with two airline companies (Air Philippines and Cebu Pacific). Its facilities are for all weather conditions. The province has also two private airports, one located in Tolong, Sta. Catalina and the other in the Pamplona Estate in Pamplona. Another private airport is soon to be constructed in Bayawan City.
The Philippine Ports Authority's Port Management Office (PMO-Dumaguete) has assumed jurisdiction over all government and private ports in the province since 2002. The government ports handle both passenger and cargo traffic while the private ports are generally utilized for the shipment of cargoes. The Dumaguete seaport is a major link to Mindanao traffic and is part of the "Strong Republic Nautical Highway" route.
The Guihulngan Port caters mainly to small vessels ferrying passengers between Guihulngan and Tangil, Dumanjug, Cebu. Port facilities include an L-type 6-meter wide by 55-meter long reinforced concrete finger pier, and a berthing area of 99 meters with six (6) cleats mooring fixtures. Two shipping lines also operate in this port, the Rodriguez Shipping and Pages Shipping. The recorded operational statistics for this port is shown on the following page.
Based on the PPA operational statistics for 1999, the Port of Dumaguete had the most number of shipcalls made by domestic and inter-island vessels with 7,185, followed by the Port of Tandayag with 5,317, and the Port of Guihulngan with 1,620. These shipcalls resulted in an estimated 324,241 metric tons of cargo for the Port of Dumaguete. The Ports of Tandayag and Guihulngan had 132,413 and 830 metric tons of cargoes respectively.
A total of 1,230,000 passengers embarked/disembarked at the Port of Dumaguete in the year 1999. Of this number, about 625,917 or 50.9 percent were outbound passengers. The Ports of Tandayag had 332,929 and 176,003 embarking/disembarking passengers at the port of Guihulngan in the same year. Shown below is the PPA traffic report from 1996 to the year 2002.
The island of Negros is approximately located in the middle of the archipelago, 800 kilometers south of Manila. It is the fourth largest island in the Philippine archipelago. It is located between the islands of Panay in the west and Cebu in the east. It is bounded by the Visayan sea in the north, the Tañon Strait in the east, the Sulu and Mindanao Seas in the south and Guimaras Strait in the northwest.
Negros Oriental is located on the eastern side of the Negros Island in the Central Visayas Region, occupying the southern lobe of the island of Negros.
Negros Oriental is a narrow estate extending two-thirds of the way from the south to the north of the island. It measures 165 kilometers from the north to south and from the east to west it is 79 kilometers at its widest, and 13 kilometers at it's narrowest. It is bounded by a chain of rugged mountains from its sister province of Negros Occidental and separated from Cebu by the Tañon Strait.
Siquijor is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. Its capital is the municipality also named Siquijor. To the northwest of Siquijor are Cebu and Negros, to the northeast is Bohol and to the south, across the Bohol Sea is Mindanao.
With a land area of 343.5 square kilometers and a coastline 102 km long, Siquijor is the third smallest province in the country both in terms of population and land area. For a time it was sub-province of Negros Oriental. Called Isla del Fuego or the "Island of Fire" by the Spanish before, Siquijor is considered by many Filipinos to be a mystical island.
The island lies about 19 kilometers east of the nearest point on southern Negros, 25 kilometers southeast of Cebu, 30 kilometers southwest of Bohol, and 45 kilometers north of Zamboanga Peninsula of Mindanao. It is predominantly hilly and in many places the hills reach the sea, producing precipitous cliffs.
According to the National Statistics Office's 2008 Quickstat, the annual per capita income (in peso) of Negros Oriental in 2000 is 20,003 (USD654 as of January 2011). The annual per capita income (in peso) of Siquijor in 2000 is 20,600 (USD674 as of January 2011).
Major industries, trade and agriculture
Crops and Cereals
Total land area in the province devoted to agriculture consists of 302,729 hectares, 167,515 hectares of which are planted to major crops, the rest are utilized for the cultivation of industrial and minor crops.
Irrigated fields contributed the bulk of the palay (rice grain) production with a 2.5 cropping per year which reached 48,622 metric tons or 82.43 per cent of the total production while the remaining 17.57 per cent or 10,362 metric tons were derived from lowland and upland rain fed areas. In 2001, an estimated basic area of 16,255 hectares was under irrigation where productivity was calculated at 2.99 metric tons per hectare. The yield from irrigated rice lands was considerably higher than those obtained from the less productive rain fed areas, which averaged 2.09 metric tons per hectare.
The province continues to import rice and corn from its neighboring provinces in the Visayas and Northern Mindanao. Palay production in 2001 reached 58,984 metric tons. This volume was harvested from an area of 21,210 hectares resulting in an average yield of 2.78 metric tons per hectare, equivalent to 55.6 cavans of 50-kilogram content.
Coconut plantations in the province have an aggregate land area of 143,394 hectares, constituting about 10 per cent of the total land area with Bayawan City lording over all the cities and municipalities.
Cocal area has increased through the years, from an estimated area of 42,400 hectares in 1990 to 80,518 hectares in 1995. The average annual number of nuts produced per tree suffered a decline, from 46 nuts in 1990 to 34 nuts in 1995, and 20 nuts in the year 2000. Consequently, copra production dropped to 18,444 metric tons in 2001 from 54,810 metric tons in 1990. The number of fruit-bearing coconut trees also dramatically decreased from 7,282,217 in 1995 to 4,459,265 in the year 2000.
Mango is the major fruit commodity in Negros Oriental. It remains a high priority in agricultural development due to its high export market potential. A total area of 2,706.50 hectares is planted to mango. Carabao mango is the most abundant variety in the province with Bindoy having the highest bearing tree population of 10,211 trees. Manjuyod follows with 9,684 trees and San Jose, 8,125 trees.
Tanjay City has the highest number of non-bearing mango trees with 43,927; Bayawan, 32,747 trees; and, Pamplona, 14,286 trees. Because of the high export demand in the world market, local farmers were enthusiastic in expanding their mango plantations.
Agricultural Extension Services
Establishment of Barangay Agricultural Development Centers (BADC) in the hinterland areas gained support of some city and municipal chief executives and legislators in the province. BADCs serve as venues for technology transfer, trainings, seminars and meetings of farmers in the farflung areas. A total of 52 BADCs are put up in at least 21 municipalities and cities.
Fish production in Negros Oriental in 2002 was 17,179 metric tons 4,983 metric tons of which were from commercial fishing; 9,513 metric tons were from municipal fishing; and 2,683 metric tons were aquaculture. Shown below is a table presenting that the province's production is only 8.5 per cent of the total fishery production of the Central Visayas region. These figures are slightly higher that the volume of production from 1999 until 2001. Municipal fishing consistently had the highest volume, followed by commercial fishing.
To improve fish production, 32 marine protected areas for bio-diversity were established in 20 municipalities in Negros Oriental by the local Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) and other line agencies. Table 37.0 shows the marine protected.
Fish Sufficiency Level
In 2002, fish production in Negros Oriental was 17,179 metric tons, and fish consumption was 39,693 metric tons. Computing production over consumption, fish sufficiency level is only 43 per cent, showing a deficit of 22,2514 metric tons. Fish deficiency in Negros Oriental is the highest in the Central Visayas region.
At least 148 individuals are operating fishponds in Negros Oriental, the biggest of which is 92.8800 hectares of the Sycip Plantation in Tamisu, Bais City. Following is a table showing the fishpond operators with their respective areas developed and location.
Tanjay City has the most number of fishpond operators consisting of 130 persons who own/manage 936.2 hectares of fishpond area. The combined fishpond areas of Bais and Tanjay cities account for nearly 68 per cent of existing fishponds in Negros Oriental.
Negros Oriental boasts of 1,377.6 km. of scenic white and golden sandy beaches. Each of the 17 coastal municipalities and cities has its own unique and mystifying beaches to choose from. The municipalities of Valencia, Mabinay, Pamplona and the City of Canlaon are located in the interior portion of the province and do not have beaches but have other interesting sights to offer.
Among the most known beaches in the province are La Vista del Mar in Bayawan City, Antulang Beach and Tambobo Bay in Siaton; Salawaki Resort in Zamboanguita; Coconut Plantation and Apo Island in Dauin; Talisay Beach in Bacong; Baybayon, St. Mortiz and Panorama in Sibulan; Wuthering Heights in San Jose; Talabong, Mapao and White Sand in Bais City; Opada's Beach Resort in La Libertad; and, Midtown Resort, Ganahan Beach, Malusay Beach and Bulado Beach in Guihulngan.
At present, there are about eight known waterfalls that can be found in the province. These are: Casaroro and Pulangbato Waterfalls located in Valencia; Inihawan Enchanted Falls, Quipot and Pantao Waterfalls all three are found in Canlaon City; Lourdes Falls in Bayawan City; Pagsalsalan Falls found in Ayungon; and Kinayan Falls situated in Guihulngan.
There are 33 caves in the entire province. Among those explored are: Odloman Cave - 8,870 m. long/82 m. deep; Panligawan Cave- 143 m.long/22 m.deep; Pandalihan Cave- 282 m. long/25 m.deep; Ayakan Cave-233 m. long/30 m. deep; Tolopan Cave- 333 m.long/51 m. deep; Tuntunan Cave- 580 m.long/15m. deep; Baliw Cave 769m. long/55m. deep; Mambayo Cave- 326 m. long/35 m. deep; and, Tubod III Cave- 116 m.long/14 m. deep.
Some of the widely-known lakes in the province are the Balinsasayao and Danao Twin Lakes in Sibulan, Lake Melipendol of Valencia, Lake Yayumyum in Mt. Talinis, Valencia, Lake Halawig of Mt. Talinis; Kinayan Lake of Guihulngan and Balanan Lake of Siaton. Lake Cristituto Tirambulo is a man-made Highland Resort found in Paniabonan, Mabinay.
The coastal zone around the island province is 84.46 square kilometers. Total shore area is 1,549 hectares. Siquijor still has 382.5 hectares of mangrove and 800 square kilometers of coral reefs.
The major crops of Siquijor are corn, coconut, cassava, palay, peanut, banana, mongo and other legumes. Agricultural productivity, however is declining and unwise use of land is prevalent, making Siquijor dependent on neighboring provinces for food supply.
Siquijor's major fishing grounds include the Siquijor sea, south Tañon Strait, Bohol Strait, and the Mindanao Sea. Inland fishery includes fresh and brackish water. Siquijor has 15 hectares of fishponds and 71 hectares of swamplands.
The type of minerals found in the province are limestone and rock phosphate.
Non-agricultural activities include mineral production and a small manufacturing sector. Mineral production in 1989 was purely non-metallic with an estimated value of P478.4 thousand. Nonmetallic products in the province consist of sand and gravel, limestone, rock phosphate, and hydrated/slaked lime. Manufacturing includes production of processed goods (e.g. peanut products), handicraft, and furniture making.
Local trade in the province consists of subcontracting of basket making and making of novelty items like gifts, toys, and house ware materials made of indigenous raw materials. These are exported to Cebu and Manila.
In 1995, the province's exports consisted of 4,735 metric tons of copra and 2,262 metric tons of other cargo.
There are also a number of retail establishments.
Siquijor's long ago reputation as a place of magic and sorcery both attracts visitors and keeps them away. Siquijor is also well-known for its festivals that focus on primitive healing rituals where incantations are sung while the old folks make potions out of herbs, roots, insects and tree barks. In hushed talks, locals would share a story or two about folk legends pointing to the existence of witchcraft and witches in the island. This peculiar occurrence lends more mystery and magic to the character that is Siquijor. Most visitors proclaim that the true "magic" of Siquijor is that once you experience the islands beauty and wonder, you never want to leave.
Among the many attractions are the beaches, caves, waterfalls, Bandilaan Natural Park, and butterfly sanctuary. White sand beaches make up most of the 102-kilometer coastline of the little island of Siquijor.
Siquijor is praised for its clean and plentiful beaches, and is hailed as one of the best sites for diving in the country, with its vast coral reefs that are just ideal for scuba diving and snorkeling. Hidden beneath the sparkling blue waters is a diver's playground where a breathtaking rainbow of life exists. Siquijor was declared a marine reserve in 1978 and lays claim to untouched marine wildlife that beckons enthusiasts to explore its many secrets. A variety of lodging choices are available for visitors since the island has many beach and mountain resorts.
Siquijor is quickly becoming a prime destination in the Philippines because of its natural beauty, warm people, high level of safety, and peaceful island lifestyle. During 2007, data from the Philippine Department of Tourism show that Siquijor posted the highest growth in visitor arrivals among the four provinces in region 7. Tourist arrivals in the province rose 21.4 percent from the previous year.
Telecommunication facilities operating in the province include telephone system, cable television stations, telegraph stations, and telex station exchange. Each municipality and city has postal station that caters to the populace far and near the town or city proper. Private telephone companies are maintaining modern telephone equipment, giving access to all major cities in 116 countries in the world on a 24-hour basis through IDD and NDD.
Although some cities and municipalities have direct contact through telephones, cellular phones and single-side band radio sets, majority of these cities and municipalities still need adequate communication lines.
There are 4,897 telephone lines in Siquijor. Of this total, 4,366 lines were put up by ISLACOM, 525 by TMSI, and 6 by TELOF. Public telephone calling offices are located in all municipalities of Siquijor, except Maria. Only 4 municipalities have fax machines. These are Siquijor, San Juan, Enrique Villanueva and Larena.
There are six TV stations, four AM radio stations and nine FM radio stations in Negros Oriental.
Each town in Negros Oriental celebrates an annual town fiesta, usually dedicated to a saint who is the patron of the town. In some of the larger towns, there are particular fiestas for specific neighborhoods or barangays.
Additionally, the Buglasan Festival, which was revived in 2001, is celebrated annually in October in the provincial capital of Dumaguete and is hailed as Negros Oriental's "festival of festivals". It is a week-long celebration where you can see unique booths of each town and city in Negros Oriental featuring their native products and tourist attractions. The highlight of the occasion is the float parade and street dancing competition.
Sinulog de Tanjay (Tanjay City; June 24)
Street dancing and a mock battle between the Moros and Christians, followed by their reconciliation through the intercession of town patron Señor Santiago, held on the eve of the patron's feast day. This is an old tradition that began with old men engaged in swordplay and dancing from house to house.
Hugyawan Dalansayaw (Dumaguete City; December)
Hugyawan means "merrymaking" and is the main concept of the celebration and street dancing presentations, with contingents coming from all parts of the province. The object is to showcase the unique way of life in Negros Oriental and capture the attitude of the Negrenses towards nature, fate, and God.
Ayuquitan Festival (San Jose; May 7)
The town's name is derived from "inukitan" or bird pickings, recounted in colorful production numbers.
Balik Lantaw sa Amlan (Amlan; November 28)
A dance festival depicting the folk ways of Amlan.
Buglasan (Dumaguete City; May 4)
The festival of festivals, Buglasan brings together the finest street dancers of the province for a day of competition and merrymaking. Other activities include an agri-tourism fair, pageants, and musical variety shows.
Budyas (Tandayag, Amlan; June 29)
Traditional ritual invokes good fortune on fishermen, their boats and paraphernalia; fluvial procession of elaborately decorated vessels ferry patrons St. Peter and St. Paul between the two chapels of Tandayag.
Daro Sinulog (Dumaguete City; 3rd week of January)
The traditional festival in barangay Daro is held in honor of the Infant Jesus. The barangay's various "puroks" participate as "tribus" (tribes).
Fluvial Procession of Sibulan (Sibulan; June 12)
Precedes the June 13 fiesta of St. Anthony de Padua; lighted and decorated vessels ferry the saint's image and devotees along the waters off the town, which attracts mammoth crowds of supplicants to the patron's shrine in the parish church.
Kasadyaan Festival / Foundation University Founder's Day (Dumaguete City; December 12-14)
Initiated by Foundation University to add color to the local community's Christmas season. The 50-year old tradition is the longest established festival in Negros Oriental. Highlights includes field presentations and beauty pagents, and culminates in the Kasadyaan mardi gras.
Hudyaka Festival (Bais City; September 7)
Highlight of the Bais City fiesta and Charter Day celebration; features street dancing and mardi gras with showdown competitions and grand floats.
Mei Hua Festival (Dumaguete City)
Held to coincide with the Chinese Lunar New Year. Mei Hua (Beautiful China) comprises parades and pageants, exhibits, film showing, the Lion Dance and Chinese Food Festival.
Folk Healing Festival (Black Saturday, San Antonio, Siquijor)
Herbalists from all over the Visayas and Mindanao meet in the barangay of San Antonio where medicinal potions are commonly prepared, using the traditional method practiced since ancient times. A motley of tree barks, roots, herbs, dirt, insects and other "secret" ingredients are thrown into a large cauldron filled with coconut oil while participants gathered in a circle mumble incantations to empower the brew believed to cure a variety of ailments. The herbal preparation takes place on Black Saturday, on the belief that with the death of Jesus Christ, entitles and forces not on this realm, roam the earth and share their healing powers to those who seek their assistance.
Solili Festival (September, Siquijor)
Taking after the traditions in Lazi, Siquijor, the Solili Binalaye is a marriage ritual where both parents of the bride and groom prepare a feast and take turns in advising the couple on the realities of married life. The rituals are depicted in a street-dancing competition that serves as the highlight of the week-long Araw ng Siquijor Charter Day celebration.